Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Much faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Diagnose, treat, or research diseases and injuries of animals. Includes veterinarians who conduct research and development, inspect livestock, or care for pets and companion animals.

Common job titles of Veterinarians include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 75.12% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

  • 23.47% said they needed a First Professional Degree.


    Treat sick or injured animals by prescribing medication, setting bones, dressing wounds, or performing surgery.

    Advise animal owners regarding sanitary measures, feeding, general care, medical conditions, or treatment options.

    Train or supervise workers who handle or care for animals.

    Research diseases to which animals could be susceptible.

    Operate diagnostic equipment, such as radiographic or ultrasound equipment, and interpret the resulting images.

    Examine animals to detect and determine the nature of diseases or injuries.

    Collect body tissue, feces, blood, urine, or other body fluids for examination and analysis.

    Educate the public about diseases that can be spread from animals to humans.

    Inoculate animals against various diseases, such as rabies or distemper.

    Provide care to a wide range of animals or specialize in a particular species, such as horses or exotic birds.

    Direct the overall operations of animal hospitals, clinics, or mobile services to farms.

    Counsel clients about the deaths of their pets or about euthanasia decisions for their pets.

    Perform administrative or business management tasks, such as scheduling appointments, accepting payments from clients, budgeting, or maintaining business records.

    Determine the effects of drug therapies, antibiotics, or new surgical techniques by testing them on animals.

    Plan or execute animal nutrition or reproduction programs.

    Inspect and test horses, sheep, poultry, or other animals to detect the presence of communicable diseases.

    Specialize in a particular type of treatment, such as dentistry, pathology, nutrition, surgery, microbiology, or internal medicine.

    Drive mobile clinic vans to farms so that health problems can be treated or prevented.

    Euthanize animals.

    Attend lectures, conferences, or continuing education courses.

    Conduct postmortem studies and analyses to determine the causes of animals' deaths.

    Establish or conduct quarantine or testing procedures that prevent the spread of diseases to other animals or to humans and that comply with applicable government regulations.

    Inspect animal housing facilities to determine their cleanliness and adequacy.


X ray intensifying equipment

X ray film processors

Volumetric glass pipettes

Visible light curing units

Veterinary vaginal specula

Veterinary ultrasound equipment

Veterinary surgical mouth gags

All Tools

Veterinary suction equipment

Veterinary rehabilitation treadmills

Veterinary patient warming systems

Veterinary orthopedic splints

Veterinary oral specula

Veterinary obstetrical forceps

Veterinary immersion hydrotherapy equipment

Veterinary dental x ray equipment

Veterinary dental mouth props

Veterinary dental impression trays

Veterinary anesthesia machines

Urinary catheters

Ultrasonic instrument cleaners

Ultrasonic dental scalers

Ultrasonic blood pressure monitors

Ultrasonic aspirators

Towel clamps


Tissue forceps

Thyroid collars

Thoracic drainage catheters

Tattoo equipment

Tablet computers

Suture needles

Surgical scalpels

Surgical retractors

Surgical masks

Surgical magnifiers

Surgical gloves

Surgical calipers

Surgical bone saws

Steam autoclaves

Stationary x ray equipment

Staple removal forceps

Sponge forceps

Specimen collection containers

Skin staplers

Single dose syringes

Semiautomated or automatic external defibrillators AED

Safety goggles

Safety gloves

Respiration monitors

Radiation detecting film badges

Pulse oximeters

Protective face shields

Prophylaxis angles

Portable veterinary x ray equipment

Personal computers

Periosteal elevators

Periodontal curettes

Periodontal chisels

Oxygen administration equipment



Orthopedic drills

Optical compound microscopes


Ophthalmic tonometers

Ophthalmic surgical blades

Operating microscopes

Nuclear scintigraphy equipment

Nose tongs

Needle holders

Nail trimmers


Mosquito forceps

Mobile multiparameter monitors

Microscope slides

Microhematocrit centrifuges

Mechanical stethoscopes

Mechanical intermittent positive pressure ventilators

Mayo scissors

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI systems

Low speed dental handpieces

Lip retractors

Linear accelerator equipment

Lead gloves

Lead aprons

Laser surgery units


Laptop computers

Laparoscopic equipment

Laboratory scales

Kelly forceps

Intravenous syringe pumps

Intravenous IV fluid warmers

Intravenous IV fluid pumps

Intravenous IV administration sets

Insemination equipment

Image guided intensity modulated radiation therapy IMRT equipment

Hoof trimmers

Hoof testers

Hoof picks

Hoof knives

High-speed dental handpieces




Hematology analyzers

Handheld refractometers

Hand scalers



Gamma ray cameras

Fluoroscopy units

Fiberoptic endoscopes

Eye lavage kits

Extraction forceps

Evacuated blood collection tubes

Enteral feeding equipment

Enema equipment

Endotracheal ET tubes

Electrosurgery units

Electronic animal scales

Electric animal clippers

Echocardiogram equipment

Ear syringes

Dressing forceps


Digital x ray equipment

Digital veterinary thermometers

Digital cameras

Differential cell counters

Desktop computers

Dental spreaders

Dental root tip picks

Dental reamers

Dental probes

Dental material pluggers

Dental files

Dental explorers

Dental examination mirrors

Dental elevators

Dental cord packers

Dental burs

Dental amalgam carvers

Dental amalgam carriers


Dart guns

Cryosurgery units

Crown pullers

Computed tomography CT scanners

Coagulation analyzers

Chest tubes

Cattle chutes

Castrating knives

Cast cutting saws

Cardiac monitors

Capture rifles

Bone ronguers

Bone rasps

Bone marrow aspirators

Bone holding forceps

Bone fragment forceps

Bone cutting forceps

Bone curettes

Bone clamps

Bone chisels

Blood gas analyzers

Blood collection syringes

Biopsy punches

Benchtop centrifuges

Battery-operated orthopedic drills

Barcode scanners

Bandage scissors

Avian restrainers

Automated microbial identification systems

Automated chemistry analyzers

Aspiration catheters

Arthroscopic surgical equipment

Arterial line catheters

Animal snares

Animal electrocardiograph ECG units

Animal catching poles

Angiography catheters

Ambu bags


Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat

Microsoft Access

Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Outlook

Microsoft Word

American Data Systems PAWS Veterinary Practice Management

Complete Clinic

All Technologies

Eklin Information Systems VIA

Henry Schein ImproMed

IDEXX Laboratories IDEXX Cornerstone

IDEXX Laboratories IDEXX VPM

ImproMed Infinity

InformaVet ALIS-VET


Mobile Data Software VetInfo

Sneakers Software DVMax Practice


Web browser software



Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Teaching others how to do something.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Arm-Hand Steadiness

Precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Finger Dexterity

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