Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Little or no change

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.

Common job titles of Surgeons include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 48.58% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

  • 43.23% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.


    Prepare case histories.

    Provide consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons.

    Diagnose bodily disorders and orthopedic conditions and provide treatments, such as medicines and surgeries, in clinics, hospital wards, or operating rooms.

    Analyze patient's medical history, medication allergies, physical condition, and examination results to verify operation's necessity and to determine best procedure.

    Examine patient to obtain information on medical condition and surgical risk.

    Operate on patients to correct deformities, repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases, or improve or restore patients' functions.

    Follow established surgical techniques during the operation.

    Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatments and procedures, such as sedatives, diets, antibiotics, or preparation and treatment of the patient's operative area.

    Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, assistants, specialists, residents, and other medical staff.

    Manage surgery services, including planning, scheduling and coordination, determination of procedures, or procurement of supplies and equipment.

    Examine instruments, equipment, and operating room to ensure sterility.

    Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioners when necessary.

    Conduct research to develop and test surgical techniques that can improve operating procedures and outcomes.


Zimmer dermatomes

Wells Johnson aspirators

Vitrector sets

Vein retractors

Vascular occluders

Vascular clips

Vascular clamps

All Tools

Uterine scissors

Uterine retractors

Uterine forceps

Urology retractors

Ultrasonic lithotripters

Tumor forceps

Tracheal retractors

Towel clamps

Tonsil scissors

Tissue retractors

Tissue forceps

Thyroid forceps

Thoracic scissors

Thoracic retractors

Thoracic forceps

Tactile probes

Suture forceps

Surgical trocars

Surgical tourniquets

Surgical taps

Surgical suture needles

Surgical specula

Surgical scissors

Surgical scalpels

Surgical rulers

Surgical robots

Surgical retractors

Surgical rasps

Surgical power saws

Surgical power drills

Surgical nippers

Surgical nerve stimulators

Surgical needle holders

Surgical microscopes

Surgical masks

Surgical mallets

Surgical irrigation sets

Surgical hand saws

Surgical hand drivers

Surgical gloves

Surgical forceps

Surgical fiberoptic retractors

Surgical elevators

Surgical dilators

Surgical curettes

Surgical clamps

Surgical calipers

Surgical aspirators

Suction tips

Suction machines

Subclavian lines

Strabismus scissors

Stone extractors

Sternal saws

Sternal retractors

Sterile drapes

Spring clips

Sponge forceps

Splinter forceps

Skin staplers

Skin retractors

Skeeter drills

Shea drills

Sequential compression devices

Robotic arms

Rigid ureteroscopes

Rigid rake retractors

Rib spreaders


Rectal retractors

Radiosurgical gamma knives

Pylorus clamps

Pulse oximeters

Pulmonary artery catheters

Protective eye shields

Portable x ray machines

Portable surgical microscopes

Plastic surgery retractors

Personal computers


Patient controlled analgesia PCA pumps

Padgett dermatomes

Oxygen administration equipment

Orthopedic retractors

Orthopedic forceps

Oral retractors

Optical urethrotomes

Optical forceps

Ophthalmic retractors

Operating room smoke evacuators

Occluding forceps

Obstetrical forceps

Nerve retractors

Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet Nd:YAG lasers

Nasal forceps


Mayfield headrests

Lung retractors

Locking forceps

Lip retractors

Laser dopplers

Laparascopic graspers


Irrigation tubing

Intravenous IV equipment

Intestinal forceps

Internal defibrillators

IMA retractors


Hysterectomy forceps

Hudson drills

Holmium lasers

Hip arthroplasty robots

Hemostatic forceps

Hemodynamic monitors

Heart and lung machines

Harmonic scalpels

Gastrointestinal retractors

Gall bladder forceps

Fracture tables

Flexible ureteroscopes

Flexible fiberoptic endoscopes

Eye magnets

Eye forceps

External fixators

Enterotomy scissors

ENT microscopes

Endoscopic video cameras

Endoscopic insufflators

Endoscopic catheters

Endoscope vein harvesting equipment

Electrosurgical grounding pads

Electrosurgery units

Electrocardiography EKG machines

Ear retractors

Ear forceps

Dressing forceps

Digital cameras

Diathermy equipment

Diagnostic ultrasound equipment

Desktop computers


Debakey clamps


Cryosurgery units


Craniotome drills


Clip applying forceps

Cilia forceps

Cervical spine retractors

Cervical retractors

Cell savers

Ceiling mounted microscopes

Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirators CUSA

Catheter forceps

Cartilage clamps

Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps

Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers

Bulldog clamps


Bowel stapling equipment

Bone-holding forceps

Bone-cutting forceps

Bone ronguers

Bone clamps

Bone chisels

Biopsy punches

Biopsy forceps

Biopolar cautery equipment

Balloon perfusion catheters

Automated external defibrillators AED

Autologous blood recovery systems

Artery forceps

Arterial line catheters

Argon beam coagulators

Andrews tables

Anastomosis clamps

Amputation retractors

Abdominal retractors


Epic Systems

MEDITECH software

Microsoft Windows

SmugMug Flickr

Computer imaging software

Electronic medical record EMR software

Human resources management system HRMS

All Technologies

Image-guided surgery software

Integra Radionics NeuroSight Arc

Medical laser control software

Practice management software PMS

Robotic surgery software

Three-dimensional 3D virtual surgery software


Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Teaching others how to do something.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Manual Dexterity

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Finger Dexterity

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

Attentiveness › Cognitive Abilities › Selective Attention

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

Keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Arm-Hand Steadiness

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Cognitive Abilities › Spatial Abilities › Visualization

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

Quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.

Control Movement Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Control Precision

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