Projected Growth: Little or no change
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.
Common job titles of Surgeons include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
48.58% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.
43.23% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.
Prepare case histories.
Provide consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons.
Diagnose bodily disorders and orthopedic conditions and provide treatments, such as medicines and surgeries, in clinics, hospital wards, or operating rooms.
Analyze patient's medical history, medication allergies, physical condition, and examination results to verify operation's necessity and to determine best procedure.
Examine patient to obtain information on medical condition and surgical risk.
Operate on patients to correct deformities, repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases, or improve or restore patients' functions.
Follow established surgical techniques during the operation.
Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatments and procedures, such as sedatives, diets, antibiotics, or preparation and treatment of the patient's operative area.
Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, assistants, specialists, residents, and other medical staff.
Manage surgery services, including planning, scheduling and coordination, determination of procedures, or procurement of supplies and equipment.
Examine instruments, equipment, and operating room to ensure sterility.
Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioners when necessary.
Conduct research to develop and test surgical techniques that can improve operating procedures and outcomes.
Wells Johnson aspirators
Vascular clampsAll Tools
Surgical suture needles
Surgical power saws
Surgical power drills
Surgical nerve stimulators
Surgical needle holders
Surgical irrigation sets
Surgical hand saws
Surgical hand drivers
Surgical fiberoptic retractors
Sequential compression devices
Rigid rake retractors
Radiosurgical gamma knives
Pulmonary artery catheters
Protective eye shields
Portable x ray machines
Portable surgical microscopes
Plastic surgery retractors
Patient controlled analgesia PCA pumps
Oxygen administration equipment
Operating room smoke evacuators
Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet Nd:YAG lasers
Intravenous IV equipment
Hip arthroplasty robots
Heart and lung machines
Gall bladder forceps
Flexible fiberoptic endoscopes
Endoscopic video cameras
Endoscope vein harvesting equipment
Electrosurgical grounding pads
Electrocardiography EKG machines
Diagnostic ultrasound equipment
Clip applying forceps
Cervical spine retractors
Ceiling mounted microscopes
Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirators CUSA
Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps
Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers
Bowel stapling equipment
Biopolar cautery equipment
Balloon perfusion catheters
Automated external defibrillators AED
Autologous blood recovery systems
Arterial line catheters
Argon beam coagulators
Computer imaging software
Electronic medical record EMR software
Human resources management system HRMSAll Technologies
Image-guided surgery software
Integra Radionics NeuroSight Arc
Medical laser control software
Practice management software PMS
Robotic surgery software
Three-dimensional 3D virtual surgery software
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Teaching others how to do something.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Manual Dexterity
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Finger Dexterity
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
Attentiveness › Cognitive Abilities › Selective Attention
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure
Keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Arm-Hand Steadiness
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
Cognitive Abilities › Spatial Abilities › Visualization
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas
Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality
Quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Control Movement Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Control Precision
Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Therapy and Counseling
Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Law and Government
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Sales and Marketing
Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.