Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

Architecture & Construction > Construction

Projected Growth: Decline

Projected Job Openings

Medium Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Fabricate, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products.

Common job titles of Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters include:

Experience and Education

Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

  • 47.14% said they needed a High School Diploma.

  • 29.03% said they needed a Post-Secondary Certificate.


    Move parts into position, manually or with hoists or cranes.

    Study engineering drawings and blueprints to determine materials requirements and task sequences.

    Remove high spots and cut bevels, using hand files, portable grinders, and cutting torches.

    Set up and operate fabricating machines, such as brakes, rolls, shears, flame cutters, grinders, and drill presses, to bend, cut, form, punch, drill, or otherwise form and assemble metal components.

    Verify conformance of workpieces to specifications, using squares, rulers, and measuring tapes.

    Position, align, fit, and weld parts to form complete units or subunits, following blueprints and layout specifications, and using jigs, welding torches, and hand tools.

    Design and construct templates and fixtures, using hand tools.

    Mark reference points onto floors or face blocks and transpose them to workpieces, using measuring devices, squares, chalk, and soapstone.

    Hammer, chip, and grind workpieces to cut, bend, and straighten metal.

    Tack-weld fitted parts together.

    Lift or move materials and finished products, using large cranes.

    Lay out and examine metal stock or workpieces to be processed to ensure that specifications are met.

    Smooth workpiece edges and fix taps, tubes, and valves.

    Direct welders to build up low spots or short pieces with weld.

    Set up face blocks, jigs, and fixtures.

    Position or tighten braces, jacks, clamps, ropes, or bolt straps, or bolt parts in position for welding or riveting.

    Locate and mark workpiece bending and cutting lines, allowing for stock thickness, machine and welding shrinkage, and other component specifications.

    Align and fit parts according to specifications, using jacks, turnbuckles, wedges, drift pins, pry bars, and hammers.

    Erect ladders and scaffolding to fit together large assemblies.

    Preheat workpieces to make them malleable, using hand torches or furnaces.

    Install boilers, containers, and other structures.

    Heat-treat parts, using acetylene torches.

    Straighten warped or bent parts, using sledges, hand torches, straightening presses, or bulldozers.


Welding torches


Vernier height gauges



Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment

Transit levels

All Tools

Tracked bulldozers

Tack welding equipment

Surface gauges

Straightening presses

Straight screwdrivers

Steel rules


Sine bars



Roll benders

Rivet guns


Radial drills

Radial arm saws


Pry bars


Precision files

Power hoists

Power hacksaws

Power grinders

Power chippers

Positioning jigs

Plasma cutters

Personal computers

Paint spray guns

Overhead cranes

Milling machines


Metal inert gas MIG welders

Metal cutting taps

Measuring tapes

Magnetic drill presses

Locking pliers

Layout squares




Heating furnaces

Hand torches

Hand torch welders

Hand shears

Hand clamps


Flame cutters

End milling machines

Edge planers

Drill presses

Drift pins


Dial indicators

Desktop computers

Cutoff saws

Computerized numerical control CNC press brakes

Computerized numerical control CNC metal-cutting machines

Claw hammers

Circular saws

Chipping tools

Center punches


Beverly shears

Bench vises

Belt sanders

Adjustable wrenches


Computer aided design and drafting CADD software

Dassault Systemes CATIA

Data entry software

Enterprise resource planning ERP software

Microsoft Excel

Spreadsheet software


Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.


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