Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Much faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Develop or apply mathematical or statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. May specialize in fields such as bio-statistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, or economic statistics. Includes mathematical and survey statisticians.

Common job titles of Statisticians include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 65% said they needed a Master's Degree.

  • 20% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Analyze and interpret statistical data to identify significant differences in relationships among sources of information.

    Prepare data for processing by organizing information, checking for inaccuracies, and adjusting and weighting the raw data.

    Identify relationships and trends in data, as well as any factors that could affect the results of research.

    Process large amounts of data for statistical modeling and graphic analysis, using computers.

    Report results of statistical analyses, including information in the form of graphs, charts, and tables.

    Prepare and structure data warehouses for storing data.

    Determine whether statistical methods are appropriate, based on user needs or research questions of interest.

    Present statistical and nonstatistical results, using charts, bullets, and graphs, in meetings or conferences to audiences such as clients, peers, and students.

    Design research projects that apply valid scientific techniques and use information obtained from baselines or historical data to structure uncompromised and efficient analyses.

    Evaluate sources of information to determine any limitations, in terms of reliability or usability.

    Report results of statistical analyses in peer-reviewed papers and technical manuals.

    Examine theories, such as those of probability and inference, to discover mathematical bases for new or improved methods of obtaining and evaluating numerical data.

    Develop and test experimental designs, sampling techniques, and analytical methods.

    Adapt statistical methods to solve specific problems in many fields, such as economics, biology, and engineering.

    Apply sampling techniques or use complete enumeration bases to determine and define groups to be surveyed.

    Supervise and provide instructions for workers collecting and tabulating data.

    Plan data collection methods for specific projects and determine the types and sizes of sample groups to be used.

    Evaluate the statistical methods and procedures used to obtain data to ensure validity, applicability, efficiency, and accuracy.

    Develop software applications or programming to use for statistical modeling and graphic analysis.


Personal computers

Laptop computers

Desktop computers


Apache Hadoop

Apache Pig


Common business oriented language COBOL

Data entry software

IBM SPSS Statistics


All Technologies

Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft Visual Basic



Qlik Tech QlikView




Teradata Database

The MathWorks MATLAB


Angoss KnowledgeSEEKER

Aptech Systems GAUSS

Automatic Forecasting Systems Autobox

Camfit Data Limited Microfit

Cytel StatXact

DataDescription DataDesk

Econometric Software LIMDEP

Formula translation/translator FORTRAN

GraphPad Software GraphPad Prism



IBM SPSS AnswerTree

Insightful S-PLUS

Microsoft Visual FoxPro

Muthen & Muthen MPlus

NCR Teradata Warehouse Miner

NCSS Power Analysis and Sample Size PASS

Quantitative Micro Software EViews


SAP PowerBuilder

SAS Enterprise Miner



Scientific Software International SSI Hierarchical Linear and Non-Linear Modeling HLM

Scientific Software International SSI LISREL

Stat-Ease Design-Ease

Stat-Ease Design-Expert

StataCorp Stata


Statistical Solutions BMDP

StatPoint STATGRAPHICS Centurion

Sun Microsystems Java


Systat Software SigmaPlot

Systat Software SigmaStat

UNISTAT Statistical Package

Visual Numerics TS-WAVE

Wolfram Research Mathematica





Using mathematics to solve problems.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Writing computer programs for various purposes.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Number Facility

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

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