Preventive Medicine Physicians

Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Apply knowledge of general preventive medicine and public health issues to promote health care to groups or individuals, and aid in the prevention or reduction of risk of disease, injury, disability, or death. May practice population-based medicine or diagnose and treat patients in the context of clinical health promotion and disease prevention.

Common job titles of Preventive Medicine Physicians include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 71.43% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.

  • 25% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Direct or manage prevention programs in specialty areas such as aerospace, occupational, infectious disease, and environmental medicine.

    Supervise or coordinate the work of physicians, nurses, statisticians, or other professional staff members.

    Design or use surveillance tools, such as screening, lab reports, and vital records, to identify health risks.

    Document or review comprehensive patients' histories with an emphasis on occupation or environmental risks.

    Design, implement, or evaluate health service delivery systems to improve the health of targeted populations.

    Direct public health education programs dealing with topics such as preventable diseases, injuries, nutrition, food service sanitation, water supply safety, sewage and waste disposal, insect control, and immunizations.

    Identify groups at risk for specific preventable diseases or injuries.

    Teach or train medical staff regarding preventive medicine issues.

    Provide information about potential health hazards and possible interventions to the media, the public, other health care professionals, or local, state, and federal health authorities.

    Coordinate or integrate the resources of health care institutions, social service agencies, public safety workers, or other organizations to improve community health.

    Develop or implement interventions to address behavioral causes of diseases.

    Perform epidemiological investigations of acute and chronic diseases.

    Evaluate the effectiveness of prescribed risk reduction measures or other interventions.

    Deliver presentations to lay or professional audiences.

    Prepare preventive health reports including problem descriptions, analyses, alternative solutions, and recommendations.


Vision test equipment

Suturing kits

Specimen collection containers

Safety glasses

Personal computers

Percussion hammers

Oxygen hoods

All Tools


Medical protective masks

Medical oxygen masks

Medical examination protective gloves

Mechanical stethoscopes

Manual blood pressure cuffs

Laptop computers

Hypodermic syringes

Hyperbaric oxygen chambers

Hearing test equipment

Evacuated blood collection tubes

Emergency shower stations

Emergency eye wash stations

Dosimetry badges

Digital medical thermometers

Desktop computers

Breathing protection equipment

Automated external defibrillators AED

Automated blood pressure cuffs



The MathWorks MATLAB

Biostatistical software

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Epi Info

Email software

Epidemiological software

Insightful S-PLUS

All Technologies

Medical surveillance software


NCSS Power Analysis and Sample Size PASS



Patient electronic medical record EMR software


Scheduling software

StataCorp Stata


Statistical Solutions BMDP

Tidepool Scientific Software Comprehensive Environmental Toxicity Information System CETIS

Tidepool Scientific Software ToxCalc

Wolfram Research Mathematica


Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Teaching others how to do something.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.


Using mathematics to solve problems.


Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.


Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Identify and understand the speech of another person.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Recognition

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

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