Projected Growth: Faster than average
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Conduct research into physical phenomena, develop theories on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply physical laws and theories.
Common job titles of Physicists include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
29.19% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.
23.01% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.
Develop manufacturing, assembly, and fabrication processes of lasers, masers, infrared, and other light-emitting and light-sensitive devices.
Perform complex calculations as part of the analysis and evaluation of data, using computers.
Analyze data from research conducted to detect and measure physical phenomena.
Develop theories and laws on the basis of observation and experiments, and apply these theories and laws to problems in areas such as nuclear energy, optics, and aerospace technology.
Direct testing and monitoring of contamination of radioactive equipment, and recording of personnel and plant area radiation exposure data.
Conduct application evaluations and analyze results to determine commercial, industrial, scientific, medical, military, or other uses for electro-optical devices.
Teach physics to students.
Observe the structure and properties of matter, and the transformation and propagation of energy, using equipment such as masers, lasers, and telescopes to explore and identify the basic principles governing these phenomena.
Collaborate with other scientists in the design, development, and testing of experimental, industrial, or medical equipment, instrumentation, and procedures.
Design computer simulations to model physical data so that it can be better understood.
Describe and express observations and conclusions in mathematical terms.
Report experimental results by writing papers for scientific journals or by presenting information at scientific conferences.
Advise authorities of procedures to be followed in radiation incidents or hazards, and assist in civil defense planning.
Conduct research pertaining to potential environmental impacts of atomic energy-related industrial development to determine licensing qualifications.
Develop standards of permissible concentrations of radioisotopes in liquids and gases.
Zeeman split lasers
X ray photoemission spectrometers
X ray crystallography equipment
Vibrating sample magnetometers
Vernier force sensorsAll Tools
Two-channel network analyzers
Two-channel fast Fourier transform FFT analyzers
Two-channel dynamic signal analyzers
Turbo-pumped vacuum systems
Transmission electron microscopes TEM
Sound intensity probes
Single frequency dye lasers
Semiconductor parameter analyzers
Scanning tunneling microscopes STM
Scanning electron microscopes SEM
Radiofrequency RF generators
Radiation detecting film badges
Pulsed nitrogen lasers
Programmable phase modulators
Positive ion accelerators
Portable fast Fourier transform FFT analyzers
Photon counting systems
Optical beamsplitting devices
Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes
Multiple diode lasers
Magnetic resonance imaging MRI systems
Magnetic force microscopes
Liquid helium level sensors
Light scattering devices
Leak detection equipment
Laser power meters
Laboratory tube furnaces
Laboratory centrifugal pumps
Laboratory box furnaces
Isotope ratio mass spectrometers
High-speed video cameras
High-resolution semiconductor detectors
High vacuum equipment
High intensity UV sources
Gas chromatography GC injectors
Gas chromatography equipment
Gamma ray spectrometers
Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers
Digital voltmeters DVM
Digital sound level meters
Diffusion-pumped vacuum systems
Computed tomography CT scanners
Charge-coupled device CCD cameras
Cavity dumpers or drivers
Big G torsion balances
Atomic force microscopes
Atomic emission detectors AED
Atomic absorption AA spectrometers
Argon ion lasers
Arbitrary function generators
Analog sound level meters
Analog frequency analyzers
Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
Extensible markup language XML
National Instruments LabVIEW
Practical extraction and reporting language Perl
The MathWorks MATLAB
Adobe Systems Adobe Audition
Aptech Systems GAUSS
CERN Physics Analysis Workstation PAW
Criss Software XRF11
Dose modeling software
Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System EPICS
Formula translation/translator FORTRAN
GNU Image Manipulation Program GIMP
Lenox Softworks VideoPoint
Microsoft Visual C++
Microsoft Visual J++
Radiation dose calculation software
RSI interactive data language IDL software
Software development tools
Spectral Dynamics STAR
Sun Microsystems Java
Synergy Software KaleidaGraph
Systat Software SigmaPlot
Vector Fields OPERA-3d
Video analysis software
Wolfram Research Mathematica
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Teaching others how to do something.
Writing computer programs for various purposes.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Number Facility
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Recognition
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
Cognitive Abilities › Spatial Abilities › Visualization
Quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Speed of Closure
Concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
Attentiveness › Cognitive Abilities › Selective Attention
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.