Pharmacists

Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Little or no change

14100+
Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other health practitioners and provide information to patients about medications and their use. May advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosage, interactions, and side effects of medications.

Common job titles of Pharmacists include:
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Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 37.54% said they needed a First Professional Degree.

  • 36.83% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

Tasks

    Provide information and advice regarding drug interactions, side effects, dosage, and proper medication storage.

    Review prescriptions to assure accuracy, to ascertain the needed ingredients, and to evaluate their suitability.

    Plan, implement, or maintain procedures for mixing, packaging, or labeling pharmaceuticals, according to policy and legal requirements, to ensure quality, security, and proper disposal.

    Analyze prescribing trends to monitor patient compliance and to prevent excessive usage or harmful interactions.

    Contact insurance companies to resolve billing issues.

    Maintain records, such as pharmacy files, patient profiles, charge system files, inventories, control records for radioactive nuclei, or registries of poisons, narcotics, or controlled drugs.

    Order and purchase pharmaceutical supplies, medical supplies, or drugs, maintaining stock and storing and handling it properly.

    Assess the identity, strength, or purity of medications.

    Provide specialized services to help patients manage conditions, such as diabetes, asthma, smoking cessation, or high blood pressure.

    Advise customers on the selection of medication brands, medical equipment, or healthcare supplies.

    Collaborate with other health care professionals to plan, monitor, review, or evaluate the quality or effectiveness of drugs or drug regimens, providing advice on drug applications or characteristics.

    Manage pharmacy operations, hiring or supervising staff, performing administrative duties, or buying or selling non-pharmaceutical merchandise.

    Work in hospitals or clinics or for Health Management Organizations (HMOs), dispensing prescriptions, serving as a medical team consultant, or specializing in specific drug therapy areas, such as oncology or nuclear pharmacotherapy.

    Prepare sterile solutions or infusions for use in surgical procedures, emergency rooms, or patients' homes.

    Offer health promotion or prevention activities, such as training people to use blood pressure devices or diabetes monitors.

    Refer patients to other health professionals or agencies when appropriate.

    Compound and dispense medications as prescribed by doctors and dentists, by calculating, weighing, measuring, and mixing ingredients, or oversee these activities.

    Update or troubleshoot pharmacy information databases.

    Teach pharmacy students serving as interns in preparation for their graduation or licensure.

    Publish educational information for other pharmacists, doctors, or patients.

Tools

Wheelchairs

Vertical air flow laminar hoods

Torsion balances

Tablet computers

Syringes

Single channel well scintillation counters

Sealing machines

All Tools

Radionucleide dose calibrators

Radiochemical fume hood and filter systems

Radiation shields for syringes and vials

Pestles

Personal computers

Oxygen therapy equipment

Ostomy products

Needles

Multiple channel well scintillation counters

Mortars

Metric weights

Metric graduates

Medication pulling/dispensing systems

Manual blood pressure equipment

Lead transport shields

Lead shielded drawing stations

Laminar flow hoods

Label-making machines

Intravenous IV therapy equipment

Hospital beds

Horizontal air flow laminar hoods

Hemacytometers

Glucometers

Geiger-Muller counters

Filters for glass containers/ampoules

Electronic toploading balances

Electronic blood pressure monitors

Capsule counters

Binocular light compound microscopes

Barcode scanning/prescription tracking systems

Automated drug dispensing equipment

Area survey meters

Ampoule filling machines

Technologies

MEDITECH software

Microsoft SharePoint

Computer records systems

Healthprolink MedAtlas

Insurance claim processing software

Label-making software

MedTeach

All Technologies

Multitask software

Pyxis MedStation software

Recordkeeping software

RxKinetics UD Labels for Windows

Spreadsheet software

TPNassist

TTP LabTech comPOUND

Skills

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Instructing

Teaching others how to do something.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Writing

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Speaking

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Monitoring

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Science

Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.

Mathematics

Using mathematics to solve problems.

Coordination

Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Persuasion

Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

Negotiation

Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.

Abilities

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

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Occupation Sections

Knowledge

Medicine and Dentistry

Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

Mathematics

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Chemistry

Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Biology

Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

Law and Government

Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

Administration and Management

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Therapy and Counseling

Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Psychology

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Clerical

Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

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