Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Diagnose presence and stage of diseases using laboratory techniques and patient specimens. Study the nature, cause, and development of diseases. May perform autopsies.

Common job titles of Pathologists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 56.4% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.

  • 42.3% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Communicate pathologic findings to surgeons or other physicians.

    Identify the etiology, pathogenesis, morphological change, and clinical significance of diseases.

    Examine microscopic samples to identify diseases or other abnormalities.

    Analyze and interpret results from tests such as microbial or parasite tests, urine analyses, hormonal assays, fine needle aspirations (FNAs), and polymerase chain reactions (PCRs).

    Manage medical laboratories.

    Write pathology reports summarizing analyses, results, and conclusions.

    Educate physicians, students, and other personnel in medical laboratory professions such as medical technology, cytotechnology, or histotechnology.

    Diagnose diseases or study medical conditions using techniques such as gross pathology, histology, cytology, cytopathology, clinical chemistry, immunology, flow cytometry, or molecular biology.

    Plan and supervise the work of the pathology staff, residents or visiting pathologists.

    Consult with physicians about ordering and interpreting tests or providing treatments.

    Diagnose infections, such as Hepatitis B and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), by conducting tests to detect the antibodies that patients' immune systems make to fight such infections.

    Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in pathology.

    Conduct genetic analyses of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or chromosomes to diagnose small biopsies and cell samples.

    Conduct research and present scientific findings.

    Review cases by analyzing autopsies, laboratory findings, or case investigation reports.

    Perform autopsies to determine causes of deaths.

    Develop or adopt new tests or instruments to improve diagnosis of diseases.

    Obtain specimens by performing procedures such as biopsies or fine need aspirations (FNAs) of superficial nodules.

    Testify in depositions or trials as an expert witness.


Weighing vials

Volumetric pipettes

Volumetric flasks


Ultra microtomes

Trephine biopsy needles

Tissue baths

All Tools

Thermal cyclers

Swab transports

Sterile screw-cap plastic tubes

Sterile screw-cap glass tubes

Sterile screw-cap cups

Sputum traps


Sliding microtomes

Slide drying ovens

Rotary microtomes

Rocking microtomes

Powder-free gloves

Positive patient identification PPID systems

Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment

Plastic petri dishes

Personal protective equipment

Paraffin molds

Microtome blocks

Mass spectroscopes

Lumbar puncture needles

Laboratory water baths

Laboratory refrigerators

Laboratory freezer or refrigerator thermometers

Label printers

In vitro blood gas analyzers

Histopathology block holders

Hematology analyzers


Gravimetric pipettes

Gas chromatographs GC

Freezing microtomes


FNAC needles

Fluorescence polarization immunoassay analyzers

Flow cytometers

Flame photometers

Eyewash fountains

Electrophoresis instruments

Electron microscopes

Disposable plastic pipettes

Digital photomicroscopes

Digital cameras

Desktop computers

Coagulation analyzers

Clot tubes

Clinical chemical systems

Chemistry analyzers

Chemiluminescent immunoassay analyzers

Chemical protective face shields


Capillary tubes


Bone marrow puncture needles

Blood irradiators

Blood gas analyzers

Blood culture incubators

Blood agar plates

Biopsy needles

Automated slide stainers

Automated pipettes

Automated immunoassay analyzers

Analytical balances

Anaerobic specimen transport systems



Accounts receivables system software

Anatomic pathology software

Antek HealthWare LabDAQ

Aspyra CyberLAB

Aspyra CyberPATH

Blood Bank Computer Systems Blood Bank Control System

Blood bank information systems

All Technologies

Cerner CoPathPlus

Cerner Millennium PathNet

Cerner Millennium PathNet Blood Bank Transfusion

Cerner Millennium ProFit

Clinical Information Systems CISLab CPS

Clinical Software Solutions CLIN1 Suite

ClinLab LIS

Comp Pro Med Polytech

Computer Service and Support AR 2000 Laboratory Billing System

Computer Trust WinSurge

Cortex Medical Management Systems Cortex Medical Billing

Cortex Medical Management Systems The Gold Standard


CSS CLS-2000

Custom Software Systems StarLab

Digital image databases

EasyPath Software Pathology Assistant

Elekta Impac Software IntelliLab

Elekta Impac Software PowerPath

EpicLab Laboratory Information System

eTeleNext AP Anywhere

eTeleNext LIS

Fletcher-Flora Health Care Systems FFlex eSuite LIS

Fletcher-Flora Health Care Systems LabPak LIS

GE Healthcare Centricity Laboratory

GE Healthcare Centricity Laboratory Anatomic Pathology/Cytology

GE Healthcare Centricity Laboratory Transfusion Medicine

Haemonetics Symphony Suite

Healthvision MediAR

Healthvision TDSynergy Anatomic Pathology

Healthvision TDSynergy LIS

HEX Laboratory Systems Billing and Cash Management

HEX Laboratory Systems LAB/HEX

HT Systems PatientSecure

Iatric Systems MobiLab

Korchek Technologies CareChek

Laboratory information system LIS

LabSoft LabNet

Lattice MediCopia

McKesson Horizon Anatomic Pathology

McKesson Horizon Blood Bank

McKesson Horizon Lab

McKesson Horizon Lab Financials

McKesson Horizon MobileCare Phlebotomy

MEDITECH Anatomical Pathology


Mediware Information Systems HCLL Donor

Mediware Information Systems HCLL Transfusion

Mediware Information Systems LifeTrak

Multidata Computer Systems MultiTech


NeTLIMS AutoFusion


NetSoft IntelliPath

Niceware International LabelClinic CT

Novovision NovoPath

Omnitech OMNILAB

Orchard Software Orchard Harvest LIS

Orchard Software Orchard Pathology


PathView Systems Progeny

Psyche Systems LabWeb

Psyche Systems Systematic Blood Bank

Psyche Systems WindoPath

Quality Software Systems LabHealth

SCC Soft Computer SoftA/R

SCC Soft Computer SoftBank

SCC Soft Computer SoftDonor

SCC Soft Computer SoftLab

SCC Soft Computer SoftPath

Schuyler House SchuyLab

Seacoast Laboratory Data Systems SurroundLab AR

Seacoast Laboratory Data Systems SurroundLab Plus

Siemens NOVIUS Lab

Siemens Patient Identification Check

Small Business Computers of New England AP Easy


Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Clinical Financials

Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Collection Manager

Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest CoPathPlus

Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Laboratory

Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Transfusion Manager

TELCOR Billing Information System


Wyndgate Technologies ElDorado Donor

Wyndgate Technologies SafeTrace



Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.


Teaching others how to do something.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Speed of Closure

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