Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.

Common job titles of Optometrists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 91.3% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

  • 8.7% said they needed a First Professional Degree.


    Educate and counsel patients on contact lens care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements, and safety factors.

    Prescribe medications to treat eye diseases if state laws permit.

    Analyze test results and develop a treatment plan.

    Prescribe, supply, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other vision aids.

    Examine eyes, using observation, instruments, and pharmaceutical agents, to determine visual acuity and perception, focus, and coordination and to diagnose diseases and other abnormalities, such as glaucoma or color blindness.

    Prescribe therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision.

    Provide patients undergoing eye surgeries, such as cataract and laser vision correction, with pre- and post-operative care.

    Consult with and refer patients to ophthalmologist or other health care practitioner if additional medical treatment is determined necessary.

    Provide vision therapy and low-vision rehabilitation.

    Remove foreign bodies from the eye.


Yellow condensing lenses

Worth 4-dot tests

Wide jaw angling pliers

Trial lens sets



Snipe nose pliers

All Tools

Snellen eye charts

Skiascopic lens rack

Single Lea symbol books

Scleral depressors

Retinoscopy racks


Retinal cameras

Randot stereo tests

Pupil diameter PD rules


Personal computers

Pediatric near point cards

Optical screwdrivers


Ophthalmic transilluminators

Notebook computers

Non-contact handheld fundus lenses

Multiple pinhole mask occluders

Multiple pin hole occluders

Mechanical stethoscopes

Loose prisms


Lens clocks

Lens calipers

Lea symbols near vision cards

Lachrymal dilators

Lachrymal cannulae

Ishihara plates

Hruby lenses

HRR Hardy-Rand-Rittler plates

Horizontal prism bars

Half nylon gripping pliers

Halberg clips

Gonioscopy lenses

Golf club spuds

Fundus cameras

Fixation cards

Desktop computers

Corneal topographers

Corneal pachymeters

Contact lens loupes

Combined cover paddle occluders

Combination refractor keratometers

Color vision testing devices

Clear 78 diopter condensing lenses

Clear 20 diopter condensing lenses

Child fixation targets

Broken wheel visual acuity cards


Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopes


Amsler grids

Adult fixation targets

8-well lens flippers

4-well lens holders


Intuit QuickBooks

Microsoft SQL Server

Accra Med Software Filopto

AltaPoint Data Systems AltaPoint Vision

Babcock Winx Pro

Compulink Business Systems Eyecare Advantage

Digital Healthcare OptoMize

All Technologies

First Insight E-Z Frame

First Insight MaximEyes

HealthLine Systems Eyecom

Insight Software My Vision Express

MAX Systems Max-Gold7

MediNotes Charting Plus

OfficeMate Software Solutions ExamWRITER

OfficeMate Software Solutions OfficeMate

Prima Systems OPTIX

Scheduling software

Universal Software Solutions VersaVision

VisionScience Software Acuity Pro


Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.


Using mathematics to solve problems.


Teaching others how to do something.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Finger Dexterity

Keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Arm-Hand Steadiness

Quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.

Control Movement Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Control Precision

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