Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.

Common job titles of Ophthalmologists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 75.36% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.

  • 20.71% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Prescribe or administer topical or systemic medications to treat ophthalmic conditions and to manage pain.

    Develop or implement plans and procedures for ophthalmologic services.

    Educate patients about maintenance and promotion of healthy vision.

    Provide ophthalmic consultation to other medical professionals.

    Perform, order, or interpret the results of diagnostic or clinical tests.

    Document or evaluate patients' medical histories.

    Develop treatment plans based on patients' histories and goals, the nature and severity of disorders, and treatment risks and benefits.

    Diagnose or treat injuries, disorders, or diseases of the eye and eye structures including the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, or eyelids.

    Perform comprehensive examinations of the visual system to determine the nature or extent of ocular disorders.

    Prescribe corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses.

    Conduct clinical or laboratory-based research in ophthalmology.

    Perform ophthalmic surgeries such as cataract, glaucoma, refractive, corneal, vitro-retinal, eye muscle, or oculoplastic surgeries.

    Provide or direct the provision of postoperative care.

    Collaborate with multidisciplinary teams of health professionals to provide optimal patient care.

    Refer patients for more specialized treatments when conditions exceed the experience, expertise, or scope of practice of practitioner.

    Prescribe ophthalmologic treatments or therapies such as chemotherapy, cryotherapy, or low vision therapy.

    Perform laser surgeries to alter, remove, reshape, or replace ocular tissue.

    Instruct interns, residents, or others in ophthalmologic procedures and techniques.


Vital signs monitors

Vision testing displays

Venous ophthalnodynanometers

Tablet computers

Surgical microscopes

Surgical loupes


All Tools

Scanning laser ophthalmoscopes



Personal computers


Optical coherence tomography equipment

Ophthalmic ultrasound imaging scanners

Ophthalmic transilluminators

Ophthalmic surgical scalpels

Ophthalmic surgery retractors

Ophthalmic surgery forceps

Ophthalmic slit lamps

Ophthalmic prism sets

Ophthalmic perimeters

Ophthalmic needle holders

Ophthalmic digital imaging systems


Nerve fiber analyzers

Medical examination penlights

Mechanical stethoscopes

Matrix visual field instruments

Lid retractors


Lens expressors

Laptop computers

Lacrimal probes


Irrigation-extraction cannulas

Iris forceps

Handheld tonometers

Eye test lens sets

Eye surgery lasers

Eye speculums

Evisceration scoops

Electrosurgical coagulation units

Digital still cameras

Diagnostic ophthalmoscope sets

Diagnostic exophthalmometers

Corneal topographers

Corneal scissors

Conjunctival sac scissors

Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopes


Automated external defibrillators AED


Allscripts PM

athenahealth athenaCollector

Automatic Data Processing AdvancedMD EHR

Benchmark Systems Benchmark Clinical EHR

Bizmatics PrognoCIS EMR

CareCloud Central

Cerner PowerWorks Practice Management

All Technologies

eClinicalWorks Practice Management

Epic Practice Management

EyeMD EMR Healthcare Systems EyeMD EMR


GE Healthcare Centricity Practice Solution

Greenway Medical Technologies PrimeSUITE

HealthFusion MediTouch

IOS Health Systems Medios EHR

Kareo Practice Management

McKesson Practice Plus

Modernizing Medicine Practice Management

NextGen Healthcare NextGen Practice Management

Ophthalmic imaging software


Vitera Healthcare Solutions Vitera Intergy



Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Teaching others how to do something.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Finger Dexterity

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

Keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Arm-Hand Steadiness

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.

Control Movement Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Control Precision

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