Projected Growth: Faster than average
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.
Common job titles of Ophthalmologists include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
75.36% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.
20.71% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.
Prescribe or administer topical or systemic medications to treat ophthalmic conditions and to manage pain.
Develop or implement plans and procedures for ophthalmologic services.
Educate patients about maintenance and promotion of healthy vision.
Provide ophthalmic consultation to other medical professionals.
Perform, order, or interpret the results of diagnostic or clinical tests.
Document or evaluate patients' medical histories.
Develop treatment plans based on patients' histories and goals, the nature and severity of disorders, and treatment risks and benefits.
Diagnose or treat injuries, disorders, or diseases of the eye and eye structures including the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, or eyelids.
Perform comprehensive examinations of the visual system to determine the nature or extent of ocular disorders.
Prescribe corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses.
Conduct clinical or laboratory-based research in ophthalmology.
Perform ophthalmic surgeries such as cataract, glaucoma, refractive, corneal, vitro-retinal, eye muscle, or oculoplastic surgeries.
Provide or direct the provision of postoperative care.
Collaborate with multidisciplinary teams of health professionals to provide optimal patient care.
Refer patients for more specialized treatments when conditions exceed the experience, expertise, or scope of practice of practitioner.
Prescribe ophthalmologic treatments or therapies such as chemotherapy, cryotherapy, or low vision therapy.
Perform laser surgeries to alter, remove, reshape, or replace ocular tissue.
Instruct interns, residents, or others in ophthalmologic procedures and techniques.
Vital signs monitors
Vision testing displays
Scanning laser ophthalmoscopes
Optical coherence tomography equipment
Ophthalmic ultrasound imaging scanners
Ophthalmic surgical scalpels
Ophthalmic surgery retractors
Ophthalmic surgery forceps
Ophthalmic slit lamps
Ophthalmic prism sets
Ophthalmic needle holders
Ophthalmic digital imaging systems
Nerve fiber analyzers
Medical examination penlights
Matrix visual field instruments
Eye test lens sets
Eye surgery lasers
Electrosurgical coagulation units
Digital still cameras
Diagnostic ophthalmoscope sets
Conjunctival sac scissors
Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopes
Automated external defibrillators AED
Automatic Data Processing AdvancedMD EHR
Benchmark Systems Benchmark Clinical EHR
Bizmatics PrognoCIS EMR
Cerner PowerWorks Practice ManagementAll Technologies
eClinicalWorks Practice Management
Epic Practice Management
EyeMD EMR Healthcare Systems EyeMD EMR
GE Healthcare Centricity Practice Solution
Greenway Medical Technologies PrimeSUITE
IOS Health Systems Medios EHR
Kareo Practice Management
McKesson Practice Plus
Modernizing Medicine Practice Management
NextGen Healthcare NextGen Practice Management
Ophthalmic imaging software
Vitera Healthcare Solutions Vitera Intergy
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Teaching others how to do something.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Finger Dexterity
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure
Keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Fine Manipulative Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Arm-Hand Steadiness
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Control Movement Abilities › Psychomotor Abilities › Control Precision
Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Therapy and Counseling
Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.