Nurse Practitioners

Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Much faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.

Common job titles of Nurse Practitioners include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 83.33% said they needed a Master's Degree.

  • 6.67% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Diagnose or treat complex, unstable, comorbid, episodic, or emergency conditions in collaboration with other health care providers as necessary.

    Develop treatment plans, based on scientific rationale, standards of care, and professional practice guidelines.

    Recommend interventions to modify behavior associated with health risks.

    Prescribe medication dosages, routes, and frequencies, based on such patient characteristics as age and gender.

    Provide patients or caregivers with assistance in locating health care resources.

    Schedule follow-up visits to monitor patients or evaluate health or illness care.

    Treat or refer patients for primary care conditions, such as headaches, hypertension, urinary tract infections, upper respiratory infections, and dermatological conditions.

    Diagnose or treat chronic health care problems, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.

    Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in nursing.

    Order, perform, or interpret the results of diagnostic tests, such as complete blood counts (CBCs), electrocardiograms (EKGs), and radiographs (x-rays).

    Maintain complete and detailed records of patients' health care plans and prognoses.

    Educate patients about self-management of acute or chronic illnesses, tailoring instructions to patients' individual circumstances.

    Diagnose or treat acute health care problems, such as illnesses, infections, or injuries.

    Prescribe medications based on efficacy, safety, and cost as legally authorized.

    Recommend diagnostic or therapeutic interventions with attention to safety, cost, invasiveness, simplicity, acceptability, adherence, and efficacy.

    Analyze and interpret patients' histories, symptoms, physical findings, or diagnostic information to develop appropriate diagnoses.

    Maintain departmental policies and procedures in areas such as safety and infection control.

    Supervise or coordinate patient care or support staff activities.

    Provide patients with information needed to promote health, reduce risk factors, or prevent disease or disability.

    Counsel patients about drug regimens and possible side effects or interactions with other substances, such as food supplements, over-the-counter (OTC) medications, or herbal remedies.

    Advocate for accessible health care that minimizes environmental health risks.

    Perform routine or annual physical examinations.

    Perform primary care procedures such as suturing, splinting, administering immunizations, taking cultures, and debriding wounds.

    Detect and respond to adverse drug reactions, with special attention to vulnerable populations such as infants, children, pregnant and lactating women, or older adults.

    Consult with, or refer patients to, appropriate specialists when conditions exceed the scope of practice or expertise.

    Keep abreast of regulatory processes and payer systems, such as Medicare, Medicaid, managed care, and private sources.

    Maintain current knowledge of state legal regulations for nurse practitioner practice, including reimbursement of services.


Walking braces

Visual acuity testing cards

Ventricular assist devices VAD

Vaginal exam specula

Urinary catheters

Urinalysis test strips

Upper extremity braces

All Tools

Umbilical catheters


Transcutaneous pacemakers

Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment

Tracheotomy sets

Tracheal suctioning equipment


Tissue culture incubators

Thoracentesis kits

Tablet computers

Suturing kits

Surgical staple removers

Surgical scalpels

Straight surgical scissors

Spinal immobilization equipment

Specimen collection containers

Snellen eye charts

Skin staplers

Safety goggles

Reflex hammers

Pulsed dye lasers

Pulse oximeters

Pulmonary artery catheters

Protective gowns

Protective face shields

Portable electrocardiography EKG machines

Pneumatic tourniquets

Personal digital assistants PDA

Personal computers

Pericardiocentesis kits

Pediatric blood pressure cuffs

Peak flowmeters

Pacemaker analyzers

Oxygen flowmeters

Oxygen delivery masks

Oxygen concentrators


Orthopedic splinting equipment

Oral suctioning equipment


Neck braces

Nasogastric tubes

Nasal suctioning equipment

Nasal catheters

Multiple lumen central line catheters

Multi-line telephone systems

Mosquito hemostats

Microhematocrit centrifuges

Medical scales

Medical examination protective gloves

Mechanical stethoscopes

Mechanical intermittent positive pressure ventilators

Lower extremity braces

Laptop computers


Intubation sets

Intravenous IV infusion pumps

Intravenous IV cutdown trays

Intravenous IV administration sets

Intracranial pressure monitors

Intra-aortic balloon pumps IABP

Incentive spirometers

Hypodermic syringes

Holter monitors

Hemoglobin analyzers

Hemodynamic monitors

Head immobilization devices

Handheld nebulizers

Halo traction equipment


Flexible sigmoidoscopes

Fiberoptic laryngoscopes

Fiberoptic endoscopes

Evacuated blood collection tubes

Epidural catheters

Endotracheal ET tubes

Electrosurgical cauterization machines

Electronic blood pressure monitors

Electrocardiography EKG machines

Doppler ultrasound equipment

Digital medical thermometers

Diagnostic tuning forks


Crash carts

Chest tubes

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR face shields

Cardiac monitors

Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers

Blood drawing syringes

Biopsy punches

Binocular light compound microscopes

Bilevel positive airway pressure BiPAP ventilators

Back braces

Automated external defibrillators AED

Arterial line catheters

Arterial blood gas monitoring equipment

Argon lasers

Apnea monitors



Healthcare common procedure coding system HCPCS

Medical condition coding software

MEDITECH software

Microsoft SharePoint

Allscripts Professional EHR

Amkai AmkaiCharts

Bizmatics PrognoCIS EMR

All Technologies

Cerner Millennium

e-MDs software


GE Healthcare Centricity EMR

Medical procedure coding software

Medscribbler Enterprise

MicroFour PracticeStudio.NET EMR

NextGen Healthcare Information Systems EMR

PCC Pediatric Partner


StatCom Patient Flow Logistics Enterprise Suite

SynaMed EMR

Texas Medical Software SpringCharts EMR


Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Teaching others how to do something.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.


Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Operations Analysis

Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Identify and understand the speech of another person.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Recognition

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

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