Projected Growth: Average
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Research and study cellular molecules and organelles to understand cell function and organization.
Common job titles of Molecular and Cellular Biologists include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
30.43% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.
30.43% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.
Design molecular or cellular laboratory experiments, oversee their execution, and interpret results.
Instruct undergraduate and graduate students within the areas of cellular or molecular biology.
Direct, coordinate, organize, or prioritize biological laboratory activities.
Maintain accurate laboratory records and data.
Supervise technical personnel and postdoctoral research fellows.
Conduct research on cell organization and function, including mechanisms of gene expression, cellular bioinformatics, cell signaling, or cell differentiation.
Compile and analyze molecular or cellular experimental data and adjust experimental designs as necessary.
Perform laboratory procedures following protocols including deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing, cloning and extraction, ribonucleic acid (RNA) purification, or gel electrophoresis.
Monitor or operate specialized equipment such as gas chromatographs and high pressure liquid chromatographs, electrophoresis units, thermocyclers, fluorescence activated cell sorters, and phosphorimagers.
Coordinate molecular or cellular research activities with scientists specializing in other fields.
Develop assays that monitor cell characteristics.
Evaluate new technologies to enhance or complement current research.
Provide scientific direction for project teams regarding the evaluation or handling of devices, drugs, or cells for in vitro and in vivo disease models.
Prepare reports, manuscripts, and meeting presentations.
Confer with vendors to evaluate new equipment or reagents or to discuss the customization of product lines to meet user requirements.
Evaluate new supplies and equipment to ensure operability in specific laboratory settings.
Participate in all levels of bioproduct development, including proposing new products, performing market analyses, designing and performing experiments, and collaborating with operations and quality control teams during product launches.
Verify all financial, physical, and human resources assigned to research or development projects are used as planned.
Conduct applied research aimed at improvements in areas such as disease testing, crop quality, pharmaceuticals, and the harnessing of microbes to recycle waste.
Design databases such as mutagenesis libraries.
Develop guidelines for procedures such as the management of viruses.
Yeast culture incubators
Water purification systems
Variable volume pipettes
Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers
Tabletop centrifugesAll Tools
Scanning laser confocal microscopes
Robotic fluidics stations
Polymerase chain reaction PCR thermocyclers
Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment
Nucleic acid hybridization ovens
Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes
Manual single channel repeating pipetters
Manual single channel positive displacement pipettes
Magnetic stirring hot plates
Magnetic resonance imaging MRI systems
Laminar flow hoods
Laboratory water baths
Laboratory vacuum pumps
Laboratory transfer pipettes
Laboratory orbital shakers
Laboratory floor centrifuges
Laboratory chemical autoclaves
Laboratory binocular optical microscopes
Inverted binocular microscopes
High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment
Gel imaging apparatus
Gel electrophoresis equipment
Gas chromatography equipment
Emergency eye wash stations
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers
Cooled benchtop centrifuges
Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners
Charge-coupled device CCD cameras
Bacterial plate incubators
Automatic carbon dioxide CO2 incubators
Automated DNA sequencing equipment
Automated cell counters
The MathWorks MATLAB
Agilent CGH Analytics
Agilent Technologies GeneSpring GX
Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLASTAll Technologies
Blast Output Browser BOB
Data mining software
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA libraries
Gene Recognition and Assembly Internet Link GRAIL
GraphPad Software GraphPad Prism
Laboratory information management system LIMS
Michigan State University MSU ProFlex
Molecular Devices Corporation MetaMorph
Textco BioSoftware Gene Inspector
Wolfram Research Mathematica
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Teaching others how to do something.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Quality Control Analysis
Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Number Facility
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.