Projected Growth: Average
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
Common job titles of Microbiologists include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
47.83% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.
17.39% said they needed a Post-Baccalaureate Certificate.
Examine physiological, morphological, and cultural characteristics, using microscope, to identify and classify microorganisms in human, water, and food specimens.
Study growth, structure, development, and general characteristics of bacteria and other microorganisms to understand their relationship to human, plant, and animal health.
Use a variety of specialized equipment such as electron microscopes, gas chromatographs and high pressure liquid chromatographs, electrophoresis units, thermocyclers, fluorescence activated cell sorters and phosphorimagers.
Supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists.
Isolate and maintain cultures of bacteria or other microorganisms in prescribed or developed media, controlling moisture, aeration, temperature, and nutrition.
Investigate the relationship between organisms and disease, including the control of epidemics and the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
Observe action of microorganisms upon living tissues of plants, higher animals, and other microorganisms, and on dead organic matter.
Provide laboratory services for health departments, for community environmental health programs, and for physicians needing information for diagnosis and treatment.
Study the structure and function of human, animal, and plant tissues, cells, pathogens and toxins.
Research use of bacteria and microorganisms to develop vitamins, antibiotics, amino acids, grain alcohol, sugars, and polymers.
Monitor and perform tests on water, food, and the environment to detect harmful microorganisms or to obtain information about sources of pollution, contamination, or infection.
Prepare technical reports and recommendations based upon research outcomes.
Develop new products and procedures for sterilization, food and pharmaceutical supply preservation, or microbial contamination detection.
Conduct chemical analyses of substances such as acids, alcohols, and enzymes.
X ray diffractometers
Water sample collection containers
Water purification systems
Visible/UV light scanning spectrophotometers
Ultraviolet UV lampsAll Tools
Ultra cold biological freezers
Transmission electron microscopes TEM
Test tube racks
Semidry blotting apparatus
Sectioned petri plates
Scanning electron microscopes SEM
Refrigerated recirculating water baths
Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges
Rechargeable electronic pipette fillers
Protective laboratory coats
Prepared agar plates
Precision pan balances
Phase contrast microscopes
Orbital shaking water baths
Orbital shaking incubators
Oil-immersion microscope lenses
Multistage agar impactors
Membrane filtration systems
Magnetic laboratory stirrers
Liquid nitrogen storage equipment
Liquid chromatograph devices
Laminar flow cabinets
Laboratory vacuum pumps
Laboratory test tubes
Laboratory membrane filtering devices
Laboratory heat exchange condensing devices
Laboratory glassware washers
Laboratory gas burners
Infrared IR spectrometers
Infrared gas analyzers
High pressure liquid chromatographs HPLC
HEPA filtered biosafety cabinets
Hardy Diagnostics HUGO
Graduated glass laboratory cylinders
Gel transfer apparatus
Gel support frames
Gel electrophoresis boxes
Gel documentation systems
Gas chromatographs GC
Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers
Fluorescence activated cell sorters
Fecal coliform water baths
Erlenmeyer flask clamps
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA plate readers
Electronic toploading balances
Dry bath incubators
Dissolved oxygen meters
Direct heat dry wall carbon dioxide CO2 incubators
Dichotomous particulate matter samplers
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers
Deionized DI water systems
Darkroom developing tanks
Compound binocular light microscopes
Chemical safety showers
Charge coupled device CCD color digital cameras
Bright field light microscopes
Biological safety hoods
Automatic cell sorters
Automated microbial identification systems
Automated gram stainers
Anaerobic growth chambers
8-channel electronic pipettes
Assistant Software for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Interpretation ASASI
Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST
BD Biosciences CellQuest
BD Biosciences CloneCyt
Bruker Optics OPUS
BtB Software Mycobacteriology Lab
Codon Usage DatabaseAll Technologies
Computer Service & Support CLS-2000 Laboratory System
Computing Solutions LabSoft LIMS Micro
Database management software
DM2 Bills of Lading
Gene recognition software
Image capture and analysis software
Laboratory information management system LIMS
Orchard Software Orchard Harvest LIS
Pathogen Modeling Program PMP
Verity Software House ModFit LT
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Teaching others how to do something.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas
Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality
Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.