Medical Scientists

Health Science > Biotechnology Research and Development

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research.

Common job titles of Medical Scientists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 45.33% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.

  • 28.87% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Study animal and human health and physiological processes.

    Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation, and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings to the scientific audience and general public.

    Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease.

    Follow strict safety procedures when handling toxic materials to avoid contamination.

    Investigate cause, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission of diseases or parasites.

    Prepare and analyze organ, tissue, and cell samples to identify toxicity, bacteria, or microorganisms or to study cell structure.

    Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds.

    Use equipment such as atomic absorption spectrometers, electron microscopes, flow cytometers, or chromatography systems.

    Teach principles of medicine and medical and laboratory procedures to physicians, residents, students, and technicians.

    Write and publish articles in scientific journals.

    Evaluate effects of drugs, gases, pesticides, parasites, and microorganisms at various levels.

    Consult with and advise physicians, educators, researchers, and others regarding medical applications of physics, biology, and chemistry.

    Confer with health departments, industry personnel, physicians, and others to develop health safety standards and public health improvement programs.


Vortex mixers

Volumetric flasks

Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers

Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers

Ultrasound imaging scanners

Ultralow freezers


All Tools

Thin layer chromatography plates

Thin layer chromatography equipment

Thermal cyclers

Tabletop centrifuges

Steam distillation apparatus

Spray atomizers

Speed vacs

Shaking incubators

Selective ion meters

Scintillation counters

Rotary evaporators

Refrigerated swinging bucket centrifuges

Refrigerated centrifuges

Recording spectrophotometers

Powder funnels

Positron emission tomography PET scanners

Plate washers


pH meters

Petri dishes

Personal computers

Peptide synthesizers

Pasteur pipettes

Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes

Microscope/video camera stations

Microplate readers

Microdiffusion dishes

Microarrayer scanners

Mercury analyzers

Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment

Measuring cylinders

Mass spectrometers

Mainframe computers

Magnetic stirrers

Liquid handling robots

Laser printers

Laptop computers

Laminar flow hoods

Laboratory evaporators

Ion chromatographs


Hot plates

Hot air ovens


High-speed centrifuges

High-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment

High-pressure liquid chromatographs

Hematology analyzers

Heating blocks

Heat lamps

Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometers

Glassware washers

Gel electrophoresis boxes

Gel dryers

Gel documentation systems

Gas chromatographs GC

Gamma counters

Fume hoods

Fourier Transform IR spectrophotometers

Flow cytometers


Flame photometers

Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometers

Fixed-angle microfuges

Filter funnels


Erlenmeyer flasks

Electrophoresis power systems

Electron microscopes

Electrocardiography EKG machines

Electrical conductivity meters

Differential cell counters

Developing tanks

Desktop computers

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers



Crossflow filtration systems

Coulter counters

Confocal microscopes

Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners


Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometers

Coagulation machines

Chromatographic tubes

Chemistry analyzers


Cell disruptors

Carbon dioxide CO2 incubators

Capillary electrophoresis equipment

Bone ultrasound densitometers

Bomb calorimeters

Blood gas machines


Binocular light compound microscopes

Beta counters


Automated deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers

Automated centrifuges


Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers

Absorption tubes


ESRI ArcGIS software

IBM SPSS Statistics

Integrated development environment IDE software


Microsoft Dynamics

Microsoft Exchange Server


All Technologies

National Instruments LabVIEW



The MathWorks MATLAB


BioArray Software Environment BASE

FileMaker Pro


Medical Scientists HybridAI

Medical Scientists MediSave

PerkinElmer TurboMass

Presentation software

Spreadsheet software

StataCorp Stata

Thermo ToxLab

Triple G ULTRA Laboratory Information System

Waters eLab Notebook

Waters Empower 2

Waters MassLynx

Waters Millennium32



Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

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Occupation Sections



Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Medicine and Dentistry

Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

Administration and Management

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.


Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.


Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Production and Processing

Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

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