Mathematicians

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Much faster than average

300+
Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.

Common job titles of Mathematicians include:
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Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 37.5% said they needed a Master's Degree.

  • 33.33% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

Tasks & Responsibilities

Wondering what Mathematicians REALLY do throughout a day at work? Perhaps you should know what you’ll be doing all day before pursuing a career. So here are some tasks that Mathematicians can be found doing during the work day. Hover over each task for information about relevance and importance. Scroll further to find a list of other careers that have similar tasks.


Essential Tasks

    Address the relationships of quantities, magnitudes, and forms through the use of numbers and symbols.


Regular Tasks

    Assemble sets of assumptions and explore the consequences of each set.

    Perform computations and apply methods of numerical analysis to data.

    Maintain knowledge in the field by reading professional journals, talking with other mathematicians, and attending professional conferences.

    Apply mathematical theories and techniques to the solution of practical problems in business, engineering, the sciences, or other fields.


Occasional Tasks

    Disseminate research by writing reports, publishing papers, or presenting at professional conferences.

    Develop new principles and new relationships between existing mathematical principles to advance mathematical science.

    Develop mathematical or statistical models of phenomena to be used for analysis or for computational simulation.

    Develop computational methods for solving problems that occur in areas of science and engineering or that come from applications in business or industry.

    Conduct research to extend mathematical knowledge in traditional areas, such as algebra, geometry, probability, and logic.

    Design, analyze, and decipher encryption systems designed to transmit military, political, financial, or law-enforcement-related information in code.

What Tools and Technologies do Mathematicians use?

The future of work is gonna be… techy🤖. No matter the career path, you’ll have to understand what the experts use to get the job done. Employers want to see practical experience with these tools and technologies. Use these lists to figure out what tools you need to learn and see trends about up and coming tech. Scroll further to find a list of other careers that use similar tools.

Tools

Universal serial bus USB flash drives

Supercomputers

Personal computers

Optical disk drives

Laptop computers

Graphing calculators

Desktop computers

Technologies

C#

C++

IBM SPSS Statistics

JavaScript

Linux

Mathsoft Mathcad

Minitab

All Technologies

MySQL

Practical extraction and reporting language Perl

Python

R

The MathWorks MATLAB

UNIX

Algae

AMPL

Analyse-it

Analysis and Visualization of Time Sequences AVTS

Apfloat

Aptech Systems GAUSS

ARfit

AUTO

Aztec

Computer Algebra System for Algebraic Geometry CASA

DataDescription DataDesk

DifEqu

Discrete Dynamics Lab DDLab

DSP Development DADiSP

EleSoft Research

Formula translation/translator FORTRAN

Geomview

GNU Octave

Graphics Programming Environment GRAPE

GraphPad Software GraphPad Prism

IBM SPSS Amos

Insightful S-PLUS

Interactive Mathematical Proof System IMPS

JACAL

Kant

KSEG

LINDO Systems LINDO API

MacKichan Software Scientific WorkPlace

Magma

Maplesoft Maple

Maxima

Maximal Software MPL Modeling System

MicroPress VTeX

ModelKinetix ModelMaker

Multipath Corporation Fast Matrix Solver FMS

Numeritek NUMERICA

PARI/GP

Polymath Software POLYMATH

Provalis Research Simstat

SAGE

SHAZAM

STATISTICA

SuperANOVA

Symmetrica

Systat Software SigmaPlot

The MathWizards MathViews

UNISTAT Statistical Package

Wolfram Research Mathematica

What Skills Do Mathematicians Need to Have?

Let’s be real… take a look in the mirror! Do you have the what it takes to join the other Mathematicians? The Skills? The Ability to succeed? If so, and you enjoy using these skills, then this job is for you. If not, GOOD NEWS, you can always pick up a new skill if you’re willing to put in the effort 💪

Skills

Mathematics

Using mathematics to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Writing

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Speaking

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Science

Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Abilities

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Number Facility

Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Everything Mathematicians Should Know…

Mathematicians typically have vast knowledge of the subjects below. Think about this a lot… if you’re not a fan of the subjects, chances are this career isn’t for you. But, there’s plenty of time to learn and continue to learn throughout your career 🎓

Knowledge

Mathematics

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Engineering and Technology

Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

Physics

Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

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