Industrial-Organizational Psychologists

Human Services > Counseling & Mental Health Services

Projected Growth: Much faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Apply principles of psychology to human resources, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee testing and selection, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to organize the work setting to improve worker productivity.

Common job titles of Industrial-Organizational Psychologists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 47.68% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

  • 46.92% said they needed a Master's Degree.


    Develop new business by contacting potential clients, making sales presentations, and writing proposals.

    Write articles, white papers, or reports to share research findings and educate others.

    Conduct individual assessments, including interpreting measures and providing feedback for selection, placement, or promotion.

    Provide expert testimony in employment lawsuits.

    Conduct presentations on research findings for clients or at research meetings.

    Participate in mediation and dispute resolution.

    Counsel workers about job and career-related issues.

    Study organizational effectiveness, productivity, and efficiency, including the nature of workplace supervision and leadership.

    Conduct research studies of physical work environments, organizational structures, communication systems, group interactions, morale, or motivation to assess organizational functioning.

    Develop and implement employee selection or placement programs.

    Coach senior executives and managers on leadership and performance.

    Train clients to administer human resources functions including testing, selection, and performance management.

    Review research literature to remain current on psychological science issues.

    Study consumers' reactions to new products and package designs, and to advertising efforts, using surveys and tests.

    Facilitate organizational development and change.

    Assess employee performance.

    Develop interview techniques, rating scales, and psychological tests used to assess skills, abilities, and interests for the purpose of employee selection, placement, or promotion.

    Formulate and implement training programs, applying principles of learning and individual differences.

    Identify training and development needs.

    Advise management concerning personnel, managerial, and marketing policies and practices and their potential effects on organizational effectiveness and efficiency.

    Write reports on research findings and implications to contribute to general knowledge or to suggest potential changes in organizational functioning.

    Observe and interview workers to obtain information about the physical, mental, and educational requirements of jobs as well as information about aspects such as job satisfaction.

    Analyze job requirements and content to establish criteria for classification, selection, training, and other related personnel functions.

    Provide advice on best practices and implementation for selection.

    Analyze data, using statistical methods and applications, to evaluate the outcomes and effectiveness of workplace programs.


Universal serial bus USB flash drives

Personal computers

Liquid crystal display LCD video projectors

Laptop computers

Desktop computers

Data input scanners


Hypertext markup language HTML

IBM SPSS Statistics

Assessment Systems Corporation XCALIBRE

Google Sheets

Human resource information system HRIS

Muthen & Muthen MPlus

Psychometric testing software

All Technologies

Scientific Software International BILOG-MG

Scientific Software International HLM

Scientific Software International LISREL

Scientific Software International MULTILOG

Scientific Software International PARSCALE

Scientific Software International TESTFACT



Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Operations Analysis

Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.


Teaching others how to do something.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.


Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

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