Projected Growth: Much faster than average
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Apply principles of psychology to human resources, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee testing and selection, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to organize the work setting to improve worker productivity.
Common job titles of Industrial-Organizational Psychologists include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
47.68% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.
46.92% said they needed a Master's Degree.
Develop new business by contacting potential clients, making sales presentations, and writing proposals.
Write articles, white papers, or reports to share research findings and educate others.
Conduct individual assessments, including interpreting measures and providing feedback for selection, placement, or promotion.
Provide expert testimony in employment lawsuits.
Conduct presentations on research findings for clients or at research meetings.
Participate in mediation and dispute resolution.
Counsel workers about job and career-related issues.
Study organizational effectiveness, productivity, and efficiency, including the nature of workplace supervision and leadership.
Conduct research studies of physical work environments, organizational structures, communication systems, group interactions, morale, or motivation to assess organizational functioning.
Develop and implement employee selection or placement programs.
Coach senior executives and managers on leadership and performance.
Train clients to administer human resources functions including testing, selection, and performance management.
Review research literature to remain current on psychological science issues.
Study consumers' reactions to new products and package designs, and to advertising efforts, using surveys and tests.
Facilitate organizational development and change.
Assess employee performance.
Develop interview techniques, rating scales, and psychological tests used to assess skills, abilities, and interests for the purpose of employee selection, placement, or promotion.
Formulate and implement training programs, applying principles of learning and individual differences.
Identify training and development needs.
Advise management concerning personnel, managerial, and marketing policies and practices and their potential effects on organizational effectiveness and efficiency.
Write reports on research findings and implications to contribute to general knowledge or to suggest potential changes in organizational functioning.
Observe and interview workers to obtain information about the physical, mental, and educational requirements of jobs as well as information about aspects such as job satisfaction.
Analyze job requirements and content to establish criteria for classification, selection, training, and other related personnel functions.
Provide advice on best practices and implementation for selection.
Analyze data, using statistical methods and applications, to evaluate the outcomes and effectiveness of workplace programs.
Universal serial bus USB flash drives
Liquid crystal display LCD video projectors
Data input scanners
Hypertext markup language HTML
IBM SPSS Statistics
Assessment Systems Corporation XCALIBRE
Human resource information system HRIS
Muthen & Muthen MPlus
Psychometric testing softwareAll Technologies
Scientific Software International BILOG-MG
Scientific Software International HLM
Scientific Software International LISREL
Scientific Software International MULTILOG
Scientific Software International PARSCALE
Scientific Software International TESTFACT
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Teaching others how to do something.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas
Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Sales and Marketing
Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.