Health Science > Therapeutic Services

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Provide inpatient care predominantly in settings such as medical wards, acute care units, intensive care units, rehabilitation centers, or emergency rooms. Manage and coordinate patient care throughout treatment.

Common job titles of Hospitalists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 60% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.

  • 32% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

Tasks & Responsibilities

Essential Tasks

    Write patient discharge summaries and send them to primary care physicians.

    Order or interpret the results of tests such as laboratory tests and radiographs (x-rays).

    Prescribe medications or treatment regimens to hospital inpatients.

    Communicate with patients' primary care physicians upon admission, when treatment plans change, or at discharge to maintain continuity and quality of care.

    Attend inpatient consultations in areas of specialty.

    Refer patients to medical specialists, social services, or other professionals as appropriate.

    Conduct discharge planning and discharge patients.

    Admit patients for hospital stays.

    Diagnose, treat, or provide continuous care to hospital inpatients.

    Direct, coordinate, or supervise the patient care activities of nursing or support staff.

    Direct the operations of short stay or specialty units.

Regular Tasks

    Train or supervise medical students, residents, or other health professionals.

Occasional Tasks

    Participate in continuing education activities to maintain or enhance knowledge and skills.

What Tools and Technologies do Hospitalists use?


Wood’s lamps

Vaginal specula

Ultrasound catheters

Ultrasonic scalpels


Tourniquet cuffs

Tongue depressors

All Tools

Tablet computers

Suture passers

Surgical graspers

Splinter forceps



Rigid bronchoscopes

Pulsed Doppler ultrasounds

Pulse oximeters

Pressure infusers


Personal digital assistants PDA

Personal computers

Pacing generators



Needleless injection systems

Neckband hanging magnifiers

Medication dispensing machines

Medical suction catheters

Mechanical stethoscopes

Magnifier glasses

Laser facsimile machines


Laryngeal mask airways LMA

Laptop computers

Invasive blood pressure monitors

Infusion pumps

Inflation devices

Indwelling catheters

Hypodermic needles

Hot biopsy forceps

High-speed multislice computed tomography CT scanners

Headband magnifier lights

Hand-held ultrasound devices

Gooseneck magnifiers

Gastrostomy feeding tubes

Galilean loupes

Flexible sigmoidoscopes

Flexible endoscopes

Flexible bronchoscopes

Fine biopsy needles

Fetal ultrasound monitors

Endotracheal tubes

Endoscopic dissectors

Endo-cervical brushes

Electronic stethoscopes


Echocardiography systems

Dual-mode cell phones

Dressing forceps

Digital handheld thermometers

Digital cameras



Continuous wave Doppler ultrasounds

Cold biopsy forceps

Clinical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners

Central venous catheters

Cardiorespiratory monitors

Carbon dioxide monitors

Capnograph monitors

Cannula sets

Blood glucometers

Bipolar forceps

Binocular light compound microscopes

Bag valve mask BVM resuscitators

Ayre’s spatula

Automated defibrillators

Aspheric lens magnifiers


MEDITECH software

Billing software

Computerized physician order entry CPOE software

Electronic medical record EMR software

Epocrates Essentials

Global positioning system GPS software


All Technologies

Medical decision support software

Medical procedure coding software

Medical reference software

Voice recognition software

What Skills Do Hospitalists Need to Have?


Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Teaching others how to do something.


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Recognition

Identify and understand the speech of another person.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Everything Hospitalists Should Know…


Medicine and Dentistry

Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.


Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.


Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Therapy and Counseling

Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.


Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Education and Training

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

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