Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, electronic media, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.

Common job titles of Historians include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 23.88% said they needed a Master's Degree.

  • 20.43% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.


    Conserve and preserve manuscripts, records, and other artifacts.

    Conduct historical research as a basis for the identification, conservation, and reconstruction of historic places and materials.

    Conduct historical research, and publish or present findings and theories.

    Gather historical data from sources such as archives, court records, diaries, news files, and photographs, as well as collect data sources such as books, pamphlets, and periodicals.

    Organize data, and analyze and interpret its authenticity and relative significance.

    Coordinate activities of workers engaged in cataloging and filing materials.

    Research and prepare manuscripts in support of public programming and the development of exhibits at historic sites, museums, libraries, and archives.

    Determine which topics to research, or pursue research topics specified by clients or employers.

    Research the history of a particular country or region, or of a specific time period.

    Trace historical development in a particular field, such as social, cultural, political, or diplomatic history.

    Recommend actions related to historical art, such as which items to add to a collection or which items to display in an exhibit.

    Interview people to gather information about historical events and to record oral histories.

    Collect detailed information on individuals for use in biographies.

    Advise or consult with individuals and institutions regarding issues such as the historical authenticity of materials or the customs of a specific historical period.

    Organize information for publication and for other means of dissemination, such as use in CD-ROMs or Internet sites.

    Present historical accounts in terms of individuals or social, ethnic, political, economic, or geographic groupings.

    Prepare publications and exhibits, or review those prepared by others, to ensure their historical accuracy.

    Speak to various groups, organizations, and clubs to promote the aims and activities of historical societies.

    Teach and conduct research in colleges, universities, museums, and other research agencies and schools.

    Edit historical society publications.

    Translate or request translation of reference materials.


Photocopying equipment

Personal computers


Microfilm readers

Microfiche readers

Laptop computers

Digital still cameras

All Tools

Digital audio recorders

Data input scanners

Computer laser printers

Computer inkjet printers

Analog-to-digital converters


Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign

Geographic information system GIS software

IBM SPSS Statistics

Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver

Archival databases


Archives Wiki

All Technologies

Audio editing software

Corel WordPerfect

Database management systems

Digital image collections

Digital mapping software

Google Books NGram Viewer


Library of Congress digital collections

National Archives online databases

National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)

Page markers

ProQuest Archive Finder

Quark Xpress

Reference management software

Scanning software

Searchable online catalogs

Smithsonian Institution digital archives

Statistical analysis software

Text mining software


Web Scrapbook


Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Teaching others how to do something.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

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