Projected Growth: Average
Projected Job Openings
Considerable Preparation Needed
Your job is to Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth’s internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.
Common job titles of Geoscientists include:
Experience and Education
A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.
50% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.
25% said they needed a Master's Degree.
Collaborate with medical or health researchers to address health problems related to geological materials or processes.
Determine methods to incorporate geomethane or methane hydrates into global energy production or evaluate the potential environmental impacts of such incorporation.
Determine ways to mitigate the negative consequences of mineral dust dispersion.
Develop strategies for more environmentally friendly resource extraction and reclamation.
Develop ways to capture or use gases burned off as waste during oil production processes.
Identify new sources of platinum group elements for industrial applications, such as automotive fuel cells or pollution abatement systems.
Identify possible sites for carbon sequestration projects.
Locate potential sources of geothermal energy.
Provide advice on the safe siting of new nuclear reactor projects or methods of nuclear waste management.
Research geomechanical or geochemical processes to be used in carbon sequestration projects.
Research ways to reduce the ecological footprint of increasingly prevalent megacities.
Review work plans to determine the effectiveness of activities for mitigating soil or groundwater contamination.
Study historical climate change indicators found in locations such as ice sheets or rock formations to develop climate change models.
Analyze and interpret geological, geochemical, or geophysical information from sources such as survey data, well logs, bore holes, or aerial photos.
Advise construction firms or government agencies on dam or road construction, foundation design, land use, or resource management.
Conduct geological or geophysical studies to provide information for use in regional development, site selection, or development of public works projects.
Locate and review research articles or environmental, historical, or technical reports.
Analyze and interpret geological data, using computer software.
Measure characteristics of the Earth, such as gravity or magnetic fields, using equipment such as seismographs, gravimeters, torsion balances, or magnetometers.
Assess ground or surface water movement to provide advice on issues such as waste management, route and site selection, or the restoration of contaminated sites.
Prepare geological maps, cross-sectional diagrams, charts, or reports concerning mineral extraction, land use, or resource management, using results of fieldwork or laboratory research.
Investigate the composition, structure, or history of the Earth's crust through the collection, examination, measurement, or classification of soils, minerals, rocks, or fossil remains.
Plan or conduct geological, geochemical, or geophysical field studies or surveys, sample collection, or drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research or application.
Inspect construction projects to analyze engineering problems, using test equipment or drilling machinery.
Design geological mine maps, monitor mine structural integrity, or advise and monitor mining crews.
Test industrial diamonds or abrasives, soil, or rocks to determine their geological characteristics, using optical, x-ray, heat, acid, or precision instruments.
Communicate geological findings by writing research papers, participating in conferences, or teaching geological science at universities.
Locate and estimate probable natural gas, oil, or mineral ore deposits or underground water resources, using aerial photographs, charts, or research or survey results.
Identify deposits of construction materials suitable for use as concrete aggregates, road fill, or other applications.
Identify risks for natural disasters, such as mudslides, earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions.
Develop applied software for the analysis and interpretation of geological data.
X ray fluorescence XRF lead detectors
X ray fluorescence spectrometers
X ray diffractometers
Water sampler bottles
Water level recorders
Water current metersAll Tools
Vibrating sample magnetometers
Underwater sediment bearing strength probes
Ultraviolet UV lamps
Ultrasonic sieve cleaners
Tubular water samplers
Triple beam balances
Thermal specimen demagnitizers
Temperature profile recorders
Submicron particle size analyzers
Soft face hammers
Side scan sonars
Short-range radar equipment
Seismic activity recorders
Sediment piston corers
Sand grain size gauges
Roto torque mixers
Reverse osmosis systems
Powered rock-coring drills
Portable organic vapor analyzers
Pocket magnetic susceptibility meters
Optical compound microscopes
Mobile wireless handheld communication devices
Mechanical earth drills
Mapping scale sets
Magnetic susceptibility/temperature systems
Magnetic susceptibility/anisotropy systems
Magnetic susceptibility measurement systems
Long range radar equipment
Laboratory rock pulverizers
Hydraulic earth drills
High temperature laboratory ovens
Hand magnifying lenses
Ground penetrating radar GPR
Global positioning system GPS receivers
Geological stratum compasses
Gamma ray spectrometers
Gamma ray scintillometers
Fluid inclusion microscopes
Electronic toploading balances
Electronic bench scales
Electrical conductivity meters
Electrical conductivity cells
Earth resistivity meters
Dissolved oxygen meters
Digital map measurers
Digital alkalinity titrators
Computed tomography CT scanners
Brunauer-Emmett-Teller BET surface area analyzers
Bottom sampling equipment
Automated core analysis systems
Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers
Argon plasma atomic emission spectroscopes
Analog map measurers
Alternating field demagnitizers
All terrain vehicles ATV
ESRI ArcGIS software
Evolution Computing EasyCAD
Evolution Computing FastCAD
Geographic information system GIS software
Microsoft Active Server Pages ASPAll Technologies
Midland Valley 3DMove
Schlumberger Inside Reality
ACD Systems Canvas
Aquifer test software
Bentley Systems gINT
Clover Technology GALENA
Data logger software
Data mining software
EarthSoft EQuIS Geology
EarthWorks Downhole Explorer
EasySolve Software SizePerm
ERDAS ER Mapper
Field data recorder software
Geo-Logic Systems LithoTect Interpreter
Geographic resources analysis support system GRASS
Geomechanical design analysis GDA software
Geosoft DAP server
Geosoft Oasis montaj
Geospatial data abstraction library GDAL
Geostatistical modeling GSTAT software
Geostatistics software GS+
Golden Software Surfer (graphics or photo imaging feature)
Golden Software Surfer (map creation feature)
Groundwater modeling system GMS
IHS Energy PowerTools
Intergraph ImageStation Stereo Softcopy Kit SSK
Internet browser software
IRIS Seismic Processing Workshop
Laboratory information management system LIMS
Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE
MHC Document Express
MJ Systems Logsleuth
Multivariate statistical program MVSP software
National Geophysical Data Center GEODAS
Paleontological Statistics PAST
Parameter Estimation PEST
Red Rock DeltaGraph
RockWare Geochemist’s Workbench GWB
RockWare RockPack III
RockWare Visual STUNT
RSI interactive data language IDL software
Scientific Software Group ChemPoint/ChemStat
Scientific Software Group FEFLOW
Scientific Software Group Infinite Extent
Scientific Software Group SVHeat
Seismic interpretation software
Seismic Micro-Technology KINGDOM
Seismic visualization software
Socorro Scientific Software Refract2K
Starpint Software Super Slug
Systat Software SigmaStat
Terrain surface mapping software
Triton Elics International SeaClass
Waterloo Hydrogeologic AquaChem
Waterloo Hydrogeologic FlowPath II
Well logging software
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.