Projected Growth: Slower than average
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth’s surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.
Common job titles of Geographers include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
43.48% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.
34.78% said they needed a Master's Degree.
Analyze geographic distributions of physical and cultural phenomena on local, regional, continental, or global scales.
Gather and compile geographic data from sources including censuses, field observations, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps.
Create and modify maps, graphs, or diagrams, using geographical information software and related equipment, and principles of cartography, such as coordinate systems, longitude, latitude, elevation, topography, and map scales.
Study the economic, political, and cultural characteristics of a specific region's population.
Locate and obtain existing geographic information databases.
Develop, operate, and maintain geographical information computer systems, including hardware, software, plotters, digitizers, printers, and video cameras.
Write and present reports of research findings.
Collect data on physical characteristics of specified areas, such as geological formations, climates, and vegetation, using surveying or meteorological equipment.
Conduct field work at outdoor sites.
Provide geographical information systems support to the private and public sectors.
Provide consulting services in fields such as resource development and management, business location and market area analysis, environmental hazards, regional cultural history, and urban social planning.
X ray diffractometers
X ray diffraction equipment
Wind direction sensors
Water current meters
Video camerasAll Tools
Ultrasonic sieving systems
Truck-mounted drilling rigs
Tree increment borers
Total dissolved solids TDS meters
Submersible pressure sensors
Stereo zoom microscopes
Stereo light microscopes
Soil moisture meters
Sediment coring equipment
Scanning electron microscopes SEM
Sample storage refrigerators
Pressure plate apparatus
Powered rock-coring drills
Portable weather stations
Portable fume hoods
Portable data collectors
Photosynthetically active radiation PAR meters
Phase contrast microscopes
Personal digital assistants PDA
Mechanical current meters
Laser particle sizers
Large format printers
Laboratory sample splitters
Laboratory dropping pipettes
Laboratory analytical balances
Infrared IR thermometers
High temperature laboratory box furnaces
Handheld data loggers
Ground penetrating radar GPR
Gravity convection ovens
Global positioning system GPS receivers
Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
Electronic precision balances
Electromagnetic current meters
Dissolved oxygen meters
Digital video cameras
Digital imaging microscopes
Atomic emission spectroscopes
All terrain vehicles ATV
ESRI ArcGIS software
Geographic information system GIS software
IBM SPSS Statistics
ACD Systems Canvas
Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
Clark Labs IDRISI AndesAll Technologies
Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite
Geographic resources analysis support system GRASS
Golden Software Grapher
Golden Software Surfer
ITT Visual Information Solutions ENVI
Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE
Martin D Adamiker’s TruFlite
Pattern searching software
Scientific Software Group RIVERMorph
Systat Software SigmaPlot
Trimble Pathfinder Office
Wolfram Research Mathematica
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Teaching others how to do something.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
History and Archeology
Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.