Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Research and study the inheritance of traits at the molecular, organism or population level. May evaluate or treat patients with genetic disorders.

Common job titles of Geneticists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 56.67% said they needed a Post-Doctoral Training.

  • 30% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Review, approve, or interpret genetic laboratory results.

    Supervise or direct the work of other geneticists, biologists, technicians, or biometricians working on genetics research projects.

    Maintain laboratory notebooks that record research methods, procedures, and results.

    Evaluate, diagnose, or treat genetic diseases.

    Plan or conduct basic genomic and biological research related to areas such as regulation of gene expression, protein interactions, metabolic networks, and nucleic acid or protein complexes.

    Create or use statistical models for the analysis of genetic data.

    Evaluate genetic data by performing appropriate mathematical or statistical calculations and analyses.

    Search scientific literature to select and modify methods and procedures most appropriate for genetic research goals.

    Collaborate with biologists and other professionals to conduct appropriate genetic and biochemical analyses.

    Extract deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or perform diagnostic tests involving processes such as gel electrophoresis, Southern blot analysis, and polymerase chain reaction analysis.

    Confer with information technology specialists to develop computer applications for genetic data analysis.

    Instruct medical students, graduate students, or others in methods or procedures for diagnosis and management of genetic disorders.

    Verify that cytogenetic, molecular genetic, and related equipment and instrumentation is maintained in working condition to ensure accuracy and quality of experimental results.

    Analyze determinants responsible for specific inherited traits, and devise methods for altering traits or producing new traits.

    Design sampling plans or coordinate the field collection of samples such as tissue specimens.

    Develop protocols to improve existing genetic techniques or to incorporate new diagnostic procedures.

    Prepare results of experimental findings for presentation at professional conferences or in scientific journals.

    Attend clinical and research conferences and read scientific literature to keep abreast of technological advances and current genetic research findings.

    Write grants and papers or attend fundraising events to seek research funds.

    Conduct family medical studies to evaluate the genetic basis for traits or diseases.

    Design and maintain genetics computer databases.

    Maintain laboratory safety programs and train personnel in laboratory safety techniques.

    Participate in the development of endangered species breeding programs or species survival plans.

    Plan curatorial programs for species collections that include acquisition, distribution, maintenance, or regeneration.


Safety goggles

Safety gloves

Robotic liquid handlers

Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment


Personal computers

Microplate readers

All Tools


Mass spectrometry equipment

Laptop computers

High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment

Gel electrophoresis equipment

Gas chromatography equipment

Flow cytometers

Fast protein liquid chromatographs FPLC

Desktop computers

Capillary electrophoresis equipment

Binocular optical microscopes




Practical extraction and reporting language Perl


Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST

Bioinformatics databases


All Technologies

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequence analysis software

Formula translation/translator FORTRAN

Golden Helix HelixTree


Insightful S-PLUS


Microsoft Visual C# .NET


Plate reader software

RTI International SUDAAN




Ward Systems Group GeneHunter


Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Teaching others how to do something.


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

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