Health Science > Diagnostic Services

Projected Growth: Average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, or health outcomes. May develop the means for prevention and control.

Common job titles of Epidemiologists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 60% said they needed a Master's Degree.

  • 23.33% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.


    Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease.

    Supervise professional, technical, and clerical personnel.

    Oversee public health programs, including statistical analysis, health care planning, surveillance systems, and public health improvement.

    Monitor and report incidents of infectious diseases to local and state health agencies.

    Provide expertise in the design, management and evaluation of study protocols and health status questionnaires, sample selection, and analysis.

    Plan, administer and evaluate health safety standards and programs to improve public health, conferring with health department, industry personnel, physicians, and others.

    Educate healthcare workers, patients, and the public about infectious and communicable diseases, including disease transmission and prevention.

    Communicate research findings on various types of diseases to health practitioners, policy makers, and the public.

    Teach principles of medicine and medical and laboratory procedures to physicians, residents, students, and technicians.

    Identify and analyze public health issues related to foodborne parasitic diseases and their impact on public policies, scientific studies, or surveys.

    Consult with and advise physicians, educators, researchers, government health officials and others regarding medical applications of sciences, such as physics, biology, and chemistry.

    Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation, and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings.

    Investigate diseases or parasites to determine cause and risk factors, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission.

    Prepare and analyze samples to study effects of drugs, gases, pesticides, or microorganisms on cell structure and tissue.

    Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds.


Personal computers

Laptop computers

Desktop computers


Geographic information system GIS software

IBM SPSS Statistics

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC WONDER

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Epi Info

Circle Systems Stat/Transfer

Cytel Egret

Data mining software

All Technologies

Data visualization software

Disease Mapping and Analysis Program DMAP

Epicenter Software Epilog

EpiData Analysis

Esri ArcGIS

ESRI ArcView

Expert Health Data Programming Vitalnet



Meta-analysis with interactive explanations MIX

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH Life Table Analysis System

Pan American Health Organization SIGEpi

RTI International SUDAAN


Signal detection software

Statistical processing software

TerraSeer ClusterSeer

World Health Organization HealthMapper



Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Using mathematics to solve problems.


Teaching others how to do something.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

Operations Analysis

Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

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