Environmental Scientists and Specialists

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Considerable Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Using knowledge of various scientific disciplines, may collect, synthesize, study, report, and recommend action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources.

Common job titles of Environmental Scientists and Specialists include:

Experience and Education

A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.

  • 69.7% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.

  • 26.06% said they needed a Master's Degree.


    Develop methods to minimize the impact of production processes on the environment, based on the study and assessment of industrial production, environmental legislation, and physical, biological, and social environments.

    Process and review environmental permits, licenses, or related materials.

    Design or direct studies to obtain technical environmental information about planned projects.

    Prepare charts or graphs from data samples, providing summary information on the environmental relevance of the data.

    Provide advice on proper standards and regulations or the development of policies, strategies, or codes of practice for environmental management.

    Evaluate violations or problems discovered during inspections to determine appropriate regulatory actions or to provide advice on the development and prosecution of regulatory cases.

    Conduct environmental audits or inspections or investigations of violations.

    Conduct applied research on environmental topics, such as waste control or treatment or pollution abatement methods.

    Supervise or train students, environmental technologists, technicians, or other related staff.

    Provide scientific or technical guidance, support, coordination, or oversight to governmental agencies, environmental programs, industry, or the public.

    Communicate scientific or technical information to the public, organizations, or internal audiences through oral briefings, written documents, workshops, conferences, training sessions, or public hearings.

    Collect, synthesize, analyze, manage, and report environmental data, such as pollution emission measurements, atmospheric monitoring measurements, meteorological or mineralogical information, or soil or water samples.

    Monitor effects of pollution or land degradation and recommend means of prevention or control.

    Research sources of pollution to determine their effects on the environment and to develop theories or methods of pollution abatement or control.

    Monitor environmental impacts of development activities.

    Determine data collection methods to be employed in research projects or surveys.

    Analyze data to determine validity, quality, and scientific significance and to interpret correlations between human activities and environmental effects.

    Review and implement environmental technical standards, guidelines, policies, and formal regulations that meet all appropriate requirements.

    Plan or develop research models, using knowledge of mathematical and statistical concepts.

    Develop programs designed to obtain the most productive, non-damaging use of land.

    Investigate and report on accidents affecting the environment.

    Develop the technical portions of legal documents, administrative orders, or consent decrees.


Water velocity flow meters

Water quality testing photometers

Viscosity meters


Toxic mold test kits

Submersible water data loggers

Stormwater samplers

All Tools


Sound level meters

Soil probes

Soil gas sampling systems

Soil analysis kits

Smoke generators

Scintillation probes

Scintillation counters

Rain water samplers

Radon monitors


Pocket personal computers PC

Photoionization detectors PID

pH meters

Personal computers

Particulate samplers

Ozone meters

Oil water interface meters

Notebook computers

Noise dosimeters


Multiparameter water quality instruments

Multichannel analyzers

Moisture meters

Mercury monitors

Mass spectrometers


Mainframe computers

Liquid samplers

Lead water sampling kits

Lead air sampling kits

Ionization chambers

HNu photoionization detectors PID

Heat stress monitors

Hand held augers

Groundwater monitoring systems

Global positioning system GPS receivers

Geiger-Mueller meters

Gas spillage detectors

Gas chromatographs GC

Fuel temperature sensors

Field radiological measuring devices

Fiberglass metering manholes


Evaporation gauge sensors

Electromagnetic field EMF meters

Drop count industrial water test kits


Digital survey meters

Digital cameras

Desktop computers

Depth meters


Core samplers

Comparator water test kits

Combustible gas monitors


Coliform testing systems

Closed pipe Doppler water flow meters

Chlorine meters

Chlorine dioxide meters

Carbon monoxide meters

Bottom dredge samplers

Bomb samplers


Automatic samplers

Atmospheric deposition collectors


Analog survey meters

Ammonia meters

Ambient air quality monitoring systems

All terrain vehicles ATV


Air/soil temperature sensors

Air quality dataloggers

Aerosol spectrometers


Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator

Bentley MicroStation

ESRI ArcGIS software

Geographic information system GIS software

IBM SPSS Statistics

ADMS pollution modeling software


All Technologies


Chemical management tracking software

Chemicals and Irrigation CANDI

Compass software

Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite

DataPipe EHS


EarthSoft EQuIS Geology

Ecotech WinAQMS

Ecotech WinCollect

Emissions tracking software

ESRI ArcView

Geomechanical design analysis GDA software

Golden Software Surfer


Laboratory information management system LIMS

Lakes Environmental EcoRisk View

Lakes Environmental Emissions View

Lakes Environmental ISC-AERMOD View

Lakes Environmental SLAB View

Link Microtek

Mapping software

Material safety data sheet MSDS software

Microsoft Office SharePoint Server MOSS

MIRS Compliance

Rad Pro Calculator

RockWare ArcMap

RSA RadCalc

Smart Data Solutions RS Solutions


Sun Microsystems Java


Tucows ChemBase

Waters eLab Notebook

Wolfel IMMI


Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

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