Electrical Engineers

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Engineering and Technology

Projected Growth: Average

Projected Job Openings

Considerable Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Research, design, develop, test, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use.

Common job titles of Electrical Engineers include:

Experience and Education

A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.

  • 70.15% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.

  • 23.33% said they needed a Master's Degree.

Tasks & Responsibilities

Wondering what Electrical Engineers REALLY do throughout a day at work? Perhaps you should know what you’ll be doing all day before pursuing a career. So here are some tasks that Electrical Engineers can be found doing during the work day. Hover over each task for information about relevance and importance. Scroll further to find a list of other careers that have similar tasks.

Essential Tasks

    Confer with engineers, customers, or others to discuss existing or potential engineering projects or products.

    Operate computer-assisted engineering or design software or equipment to perform engineering tasks.

Regular Tasks

    Design electrical systems or components that minimize electric energy requirements, such as lighting systems designed to account for natural lighting.

    Inspect completed installations and observe operations to ensure conformance to design and equipment specifications and compliance with operational, safety, or environmental standards.

    Compile data and write reports regarding existing or potential electrical engineering studies or projects.

    Prepare technical drawings, specifications of electrical systems, or topographical maps to ensure that installation and operations conform to standards and customer requirements.

    Oversee project production efforts to assure projects are completed on time and within budget.

    Perform detailed calculations to compute and establish manufacturing, construction, or installation standards or specifications.

    Direct or coordinate manufacturing, construction, installation, maintenance, support, documentation, or testing activities to ensure compliance with specifications, codes, or customer requirements.

    Design, implement, maintain, or improve electrical instruments, equipment, facilities, components, products, or systems for commercial, industrial, or domestic purposes.

Occasional Tasks

    Investigate customer or public complaints to determine the nature and extent of problems.

    Estimate labor, material, or construction costs for budget preparation purposes.

    Integrate electrical systems with renewable energy systems to improve overall efficiency.

    Conduct field surveys or study maps, graphs, diagrams, or other data to identify and correct power system problems.

    Collect data relating to commercial or residential development, population, or power system interconnection to determine operating efficiency of electrical systems.

    Assist in developing capital project programs for new equipment or major repairs.

    Investigate or test vendors' or competitors' products.

    Supervise or train project team members, as necessary.

    Prepare specifications for purchases of materials or equipment.

    Plan or implement research methodology or procedures to apply principles of electrical theory to engineering projects.

    Develop systems that produce electricity with renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, or biofuels.

    Plan layout of electric power generating plants or distribution lines or stations.

What Tools and Technologies do Electrical Engineers use?

The future of work is gonna be… techy🤖. No matter the career path, you’ll have to understand what the experts use to get the job done. Employers want to see practical experience with these tools and technologies. Use these lists to figure out what tools you need to learn and see trends about up and coming tech. Scroll further to find a list of other careers that use similar tools.


X ray photoemission spectrometers

X ray guns

Wire bonders

Wet chemical clean benches

Wafer steppers

Vertical furnaces

Vector signal generators

All Tools

Vacuum system/thermal evaporators

Vacuum chambers

Universal microwave transistor test fixtures

Tube furnaces

Tube etchers


Synthesized continuous wave CW generators

Sweep oscillators



Spectrum analyzers


Signal generators

Signal analyzers

Secondary ion mass spectrometers SIMS

Scanning tunneling microscopes STM

Scanning electron microscopes SEM

Sampling oscilloscopes

Reactive ion etch systems

Rapid thermal annealers RTA


Pulsed current-voltage IV analyzer

Pulse generators

Programmable function generators



Plasma reactors

Plasma ashers

Photoluminescence spectrometers

Photolithography equipment

Personal computers

Pattern generator systems

Parameter analyzers

Oxidation tubes

Oxidation furnaces

Noise figure meters

Network analyzers


Molecular beam epitaxy MBE systems

Mixed signal oscilloscopes

Microwave power meters

Microwave automatic load-pull tuners


Metal evaporation systems

Low pressure chemical vapor deposition LPCVD systems

Linearization testbeds

Laser ranging systems

Laser printers

Laptop computers

Inductance capacitance resistance LCR meters

Imaging spectrographs

Glove box systems

Frequency drives

Frequency counters

Fog chambers

Filament evaporators


Electron beam evaporators

Electrochemical etching devices

Electrochemical CV dopant profilers

Electrical flow meters

Doping tubes

Digital voltmeters DVM

Digital video cameras

Digital oscilloscopes

Diffusion furnaces


Cylindrical corona testers

Computer servers

Auger electron spectrometers

Atomic force microscopes

Annealing furnaces



Apache Subversion SVN

Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D

Autodesk Revit


Bentley MicroStation


Cadence Allegro Design Entry Capture and Capture CIS

All Technologies

Cadence Encounter Test

Chip design software

Computer aided design and drafting CADD software

Computer aided design CAD software

Dassault Systemes SOLIDWORKS

Eclipse IDE

Electronic design automation EDA software

ESRI ArcGIS software

Field programmable gate array FPGA design software

Floor planning software

Integrated development environment IDE software

Keysight Technologies Advanced Design System


MAGIC layout editor

Mentor Graphics

Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition VBScript

Microsoft Visual Studio

National Instruments LabVIEW

Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management

OrCAD Capture

Physical design software

Practical extraction and reporting language Perl

Printed circuit board design software

PTC Creo Parametric


Schematic design entry software

Shell script

SmugMug Flickr

Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software

Unified modeling language UML

Zuken E3.schematic


Advanced boolean expression language ABEL

Altera hardware description language AHDL


ATD protocol

Automated material handling software

Availability prediction modeling software

Circuit simulation software

Computer aided manufacturing CAM software

Debugging software

Defect tracking software

Digital timing diagram editing software

Dynamic object-oriented requirements system DOORS

Electromagnetic analysis software

Electronic engineering calculator

Embedded systems testing software


Failure mode and effects analysis FMEA software

Failure mode effects and criticality analysis FMECA software

Failure reporting analysis and corrective action FRACAS software

Fault modeling software

Fault tree analysis FTA software

Finite difference time domain FDTD software

Finite element method FEM software

Functional verification software

Hardware description language HDL

Hewlett-Packard HP Semiconductor Parameter Analyzer

Isograph Markov


Life cycle cost software

Logic synthesis software

Matrix calculation software

Mean time between failures MBTF software

Mean time to failure MTTF software

Mentor Graphics ModelSim

Microsoft Windows Server

Microwave circuit simulation software

Optimization software

Power analysis software

Powersim PSIM

Programmable logic controller PLC code generation software

Rapid prototyping software

Reliability analysis software

ReliaSoft Weibull++ 6

Requirements management software

Signal integrity simulation software

Simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis SPICE

Sun Microsystems Java

Synopsis Design Compiler

Synopsys PrimeTime

Systems analysis programs for hands on integrated reliability evaluation software SAPHIRE

Tektronix EZ-TEST

Test automation software

The MathWorks Simulink

Time and motion analysis software


VHSIC hardware description language VHDL

Wonderware InTouch HMI

X.25 Protocol

What Skills Do Electrical Engineers Need to Have?

Let’s be real… take a look in the mirror! Do you have the what it takes to join the other Electrical Engineers? The Skills? The Ability to succeed? If so, and you enjoy using these skills, then this job is for you. If not, GOOD NEWS, you can always pick up a new skill if you’re willing to put in the effort 💪



Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Operations Analysis

Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.


Using mathematics to solve problems.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.


Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.


Teaching others how to do something.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Everything Electrical Engineers Should Know…

Electrical Engineers typically have vast knowledge of the subjects below. Think about this a lot… if you’re not a fan of the subjects, chances are this career isn’t for you. But, there’s plenty of time to learn and continue to learn throughout your career 🎓


Engineering and Technology

Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.


Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.


Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.


Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

Production and Processing

Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Education and Training

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Real People, Real Stories