Projected Growth: Much faster than average
Projected Job Openings
Considerable Preparation Needed
Your job is to Analyze chromosomes found in biological specimens such as amniotic fluids, bone marrow, and blood to aid in the study, diagnosis, or treatment of genetic diseases.
Common job titles of Cytogenetic Technologists include:
Experience and Education
A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.
73.08% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.
19.23% said they needed a Post-Baccalaureate Certificate.
Evaluate appropriateness of received specimens for requested tests.
Analyze chromosomes found in biological specimens to aid diagnoses and treatments for genetic diseases such as congenital birth defects, fertility problems, and hematological disorders.
Stain slides to make chromosomes visible for microscopy.
Select or prepare specimens and media for cell cultures using aseptic techniques, knowledge of medium components, or cell nutritional requirements.
Count numbers of chromosomes and identify the structural abnormalities by viewing culture slides through microscopes, light microscopes, or photomicroscopes.
Maintain laboratory equipment such as photomicroscopes, inverted microscopes, and standard darkroom equipment.
Archive case documentation and study materials as required by regulations and laws.
Determine optimal time sequences and methods for manual or robotic cell harvests.
Examine chromosomes found in biological specimens to detect abnormalities.
Arrange and attach chromosomes in numbered pairs on karyotype charts, using standard genetics laboratory practices and nomenclature, to identify normal or abnormal chromosomes.
Supervise subordinate laboratory staff.
Select banding methods to permit identification of chromosome pairs.
Input details of specimen processing, analysis, and technical issues into logs or laboratory information systems (LIS).
Prepare biological specimens such as amniotic fluids, bone marrow, tumors, chorionic villi, and blood, for chromosome examinations.
Harvest cell cultures using substances such as mitotic arrestants, cell releasing agents, and cell fixatives.
Select appropriate culturing system or procedure based on specimen type and reason for referral.
Create chromosome images using computer imaging systems.
Develop, implement, and monitor quality control and quality assurance programs to ensure accurate and precise test performance and reports.
Prepare slides of cell cultures following standard procedures.
Summarize test results and report to appropriate authorities.
Input details of specimens into logs or computer systems.
Describe chromosome, FISH and aCGH analysis results in Internations System of Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN) language.
Identify appropriate methods of specimen collection, preservation, or transport.
Select appropriate methods of preparation and storage of media to maintain potential of hydrogen (pH), sterility, or ability to support growth.
Recognize and report abnormalities in the color, size, shape, composition, or pattern of cells.
Apply prepared specimen and control to appropriate grid, run instrumentation, and produce analyzable results.
Extract, measure, dilute as appropriate, label, and prepare DNA for array analysis.
Communicate test results or technical information to patients, physicians, family members, or researchers.
Communicate to responsible parties unacceptable specimens and suggest remediation for future submissions.
Develop and implement training programs for trainees, medical students, resident physicians or post-doctoral fellows.
Uncooled charge-coupled device cameras
Ultrasonic sterilization units
Test tube racks
Phase contrast microscopes
Microscope camera adapters
Metaphase finding system software
Mercury vapor lamps
Media filtration systems
Low speed refrigerated centrifuges
Liquid nitrogen containers
Laboratory microwave ovens
Inverted compound microscopes
Hot air sterilizers
Heated magnetic stirrers
Glass water distillers
Fluorescent in situ hybridization FISH automation instruments
Floor model drying chambers
Flat bottom microtiter plates
Digital image printers
Computerized karotype equipment
Cell culture tubes
Biological safety cabinets
Biological containment hoods
Binocular compound microscopes
Benchtop drying chambers
Automatic slide loading systems
Automated imaging systems
4 ml cryovials
35m petri dishes
25 ml pipettes
2 ml cryovials
10 ml pipettes
1 ml pipettes
Cell Bioscience Automated Image Capture
Digital karyotyping software
Genial Genetics iPassport QMS
Genial Genetics Shire
Geniel Genetics iGene
Image analysis softwareAll Technologies
Image capture software
Lucia Comet Assay
Lucia Metaphase Finder
MetaSystems Isis Color Karyotyping
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.