Civil Engineers

Architecture & Construction > Design/Pre-Construction

Projected Growth: Average

Projected Job Openings

Considerable Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, and water and sewage systems.

Common job titles of Civil Engineers include:

Experience and Education

A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.

  • 43.48% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.

  • 26.09% said they needed a Master's Degree.


    Plan and design transportation or hydraulic systems or structures, using computer-assisted design or drawing tools.

    Provide technical advice to industrial or managerial personnel regarding design, construction, program modifications, or structural repairs.

    Analyze survey reports, maps, drawings, blueprints, aerial photography, or other topographical or geologic data.

    Manage and direct the construction, operations, or maintenance activities at project site.

    Direct engineering activities, ensuring compliance with environmental, safety, or other governmental regulations.

    Design energy-efficient or environmentally sound civil structures.

    Estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labor to determine project feasibility.

    Direct or participate in surveying to lay out installations or establish reference points, grades, or elevations to guide construction.

    Inspect project sites to monitor progress and ensure conformance to design specifications and safety or sanitation standards.

    Compute load and grade requirements, water flow rates, or material stress factors to determine design specifications.

    Identify environmental risks and develop risk management strategies for civil engineering projects.

    Develop or implement engineering solutions to clean up industrial accidents or other contaminated sites.

    Design or engineer systems to efficiently dispose of chemical, biological, or other toxic wastes.

    Analyze manufacturing processes or byproducts to identify engineering solutions to minimize the output of carbon or other pollutants.

    Conduct studies of traffic patterns or environmental conditions to identify engineering problems and assess potential project impact.

    Test soils or materials to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations, concrete, asphalt, or steel.

    Prepare or present public reports on topics such as bid proposals, deeds, environmental impact statements, or property and right-of-way descriptions.


Two way radios

Transit levels

Traffic counters

Total stations

Thickness gauges


Surveying wheels

All Tools

Surveying rods

Steel rules

Rolling scales

Rhodes arcs

Radar guns


Precision levels


Microfilm readers

Measuring tapes

Laser levels

Laptop computers

Global positioning system GPS receivers

Electronic distance measuring devices

Drafting triangles

Drafting scales


Digital cameras

Desktop computers


Blueprint copiers



Apache Subversion SVN

Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D

Autodesk Land Desktop

Autodesk Revit

Bentley Haestad Methods CivilStorm

Bentley InRoads Site

Bentley MicroStation

All Technologies

Bridge design software

Dassault Systemes SOLIDWORKS

Eagle Point Site Design

Geographic information system GIS software


HydroCAD Software Solutions HydroCAD Stormwater Modeling System

Mathsoft Mathcad

National Instruments LabVIEW

Research Engineers International STAAD.Pro

Road design software

SmugMug Flickr

Stormwater hydrology software

Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software

Trimble SketchUp Pro

Trimble Terramodel

Bentley GeoPak Bridge

Cartography software

Corel WordPerfect

Cost estimating software

Dassasult Systemes Abaqus

ESRI ArcView

Finite element analysis FEA software



Hydraulic analysis software

Hydraulic modeling software

Intergraph MGE

MAYA Nastran

Microsoft ActiveX

Scheduling software

The Gordian Group PROGEN Online

Trimble Geomatics Office




Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Operations Analysis

Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.


Teaching others how to do something.

Management of Material Resources

Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.

Service Orientation

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Number Facility

Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Cognitive Abilities › Spatial Abilities › Visualization

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

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