Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Average

Projected Job Openings

Considerable Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge.

Common job titles of Chemists include:

Experience and Education

A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.

  • 85.77% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.

  • 6.67% said they needed a Master's Degree.


    Conduct quality control tests.

    Maintain laboratory instruments to ensure proper working order and troubleshoot malfunctions when needed.

    Compile and analyze test information to determine process or equipment operating efficiency or to diagnose malfunctions.

    Analyze organic or inorganic compounds to determine chemical or physical properties, composition, structure, relationships, or reactions, using chromatography, spectroscopy, or spectrophotometry techniques.

    Direct, coordinate, or advise personnel in test procedures for analyzing components or physical properties of materials.

    Prepare test solutions, compounds, or reagents for laboratory personnel to conduct tests.

    Write technical papers or reports or prepare standards and specifications for processes, facilities, products, or tests.

    Induce changes in composition of substances by introducing heat, light, energy, or chemical catalysts for quantitative or qualitative analysis.

    Purchase laboratory supplies, such as chemicals, when supplies are low or near their expiration date.

    Evaluate laboratory safety procedures to ensure compliance with standards or to make improvements as needed.

    Confer with scientists or engineers to conduct analyses of research projects, interpret test results, or develop nonstandard tests.

    Develop, improve, or customize products, equipment, formulas, processes, or analytical methods.

    Study effects of various methods of processing, preserving, or packaging on composition or properties of foods.


X ray diffraction equipment

Well tissue culture plates

Water baths

Vacuum ovens

Ultraviolet-visible spectrometers


Tubular furnaces

All Tools

Tube magnetic mixers

Top-loading electronic balances


Tissue culture plates

Thistle tubes

Thermal gravimetric analyzers

Thermal cyclers

Test tubes

Tensile testers

Tabletop centrifuges

Syringe pumps

Stripping analyzers

Strip chart recorders

Stereo zoom microscopes

Split-hinge furnaces

Speed-vac concentrators





Solvent recyclers

Solar simulators

Single crystal x ray diffractometers

Signal average storage scopes

Shaking waterbaths

Shaking incubators

Scanning tunneling microscopes STM

Scanning electron microscopes SEM

Rotary evaporators



Refrigerated high-speed centrifuges

Refrigerated circulators

Reagent pumps

Pressure sensors


Polarographic analyzers

Polarizing microscopes



Pipetting stations


Picosecond lasers

Photochemical reactors

pH meters

Petri dishes

Personal computers

Particle size analyzers

Oxygen bomb calorimeters


Oscillating disc rheometers

Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers

Nitrogen lasers

Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet Nd:YAG lasers


Multiwell microplates

Monocular microscopes

Mini synthesizers

Microwave digestion systems

Microplate spectrophotometers



Microdistillation ovens


Micro electrobalances

Mercury lamp photolysis systems

Melting point apparatus

Mass spectrometers

Mainframe computers


Magnetic susceptibility balances

Luminescence spectrometers

Liquid scintillation counters

Liquid chromatographs LC

Laser printers

Laser power meters

Large-format plotters

Laptop computers

Laboratory vacuum pumps

Laboratory presses

Lab heat exchangers

Karl Fischer titrators

Ion selective electrode ISE meters

Ion analyzers

Inverted microscopes

Infrared IR spectrometers

Inert atmosphere glove boxes

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers ICP-MS

Immersion probes

Hydrogenation apparatus

Hot plates with magnetic stirrers


High-speed centrifuges

High-pressure liquid chromatography systems

High-pressure high-temperature reactors

High-performance liquid chromatographs

Helium-cadmium lasers

Grinder mills

Graduated cylinders

Glassware washers

Gas chromatographs GC

Gas chromatograph mass spectrometers GC-MS



Fume hoods

Freeze dryers

Fraction collectors

Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers

Fluorescence microscopes

Flow injection analyzers

Floor centrifuges

Erlenmeyer flasks

Electronic toploading balances

Electrochemical analyzers

Dye lasers

Distilling units

Distillation ovens

Dissolved oxygen meters

Diode lasers

Digital gel analyzer systems

Digital electrophoresis documentation and analysis systems

Digital cameras

Differential scanning calorimeters

Desktop computers


Deflagration spoons



Cryogenic refrigerators

Conductivity meters

Conductivity detectors

Conductance meters

Combustion furnaces

Cold trap evaporators

Closed cycle refrigerators

Chemical centrifuges

Centrifugal evaporator concentrators

Carbon hydrogen nitrogen CHN elemental analyzers

Capillary electrophoresis systems


Bunsen burners

Box furnace ovens

Benchtop lyophilizers



Automatic peptide synthesizers

Atomic absorption AA spectrometers

Annealing ovens

Analytical balances

Alcohol lamps

Airfree/waterfree solvent purification systems

Air dryers


ChemInnovation Software Chem 4-D

ChemSW Molecular Modeling Pro

Hypercube HyperChem

National Instruments LabVIEW

Accelrys Cerius2

Accelrys DeCipher

Advanced Chemistry Development ACD/1D nuclear magnetic resonance NMR processor

All Technologies

Agilent ChemStation

Apple iWork

Apple iWork Keynote

Apple iWork Numbers

Apple iWork Pages

Bruker BioSpin TopSpin

CambridgeSoft ChemOffice Ultra


Chemical kinetics software

ChemSW Buffer Maker

ChemSW Calibration Pro

ChemSW Chemical Inventory System CIS

ChemSW Laboratory Document Control System LDCS

ChemSW Mass Spec Tools

ChemSW Uncertainty Pro

Conversion tools software

Crystallography software


Density functional theory DFT software

Digital imaging software

Gas chromatograph GS software

Gaussian software

Internet browser software


JDA Arthur KnowledgeBase database

Laboratory information management system LIMS

LabTrack Electronic Lab Notebook

Logger software

Modeling software


Molecular simulation software

Molsearch Pro

MSI Insight/Discover

Multi-functional calculators


Network Science IR Mentor Pro

Organic synthesis planning software



SciQuest PE TurboChrom


Surface modeling software

Synthematix StructureSearch

UBI Biotracker

Vogel Scientific Software Group CALACO

Waters Empower Chromatography Data Software

Waters Millennium32

Wavefunction Spartan



Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Quality Control Analysis

Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.


Teaching others how to do something.

Operation Monitoring

Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Equipment Maintenance

Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.


Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Number Facility

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