Broadcast Technicians

Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications > Journalism and Broadcasting

Projected Growth: Little or no change

3800+
Projected Job Openings

Medium Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Set up, operate, and maintain the electronic equipment used to transmit radio and television programs. Control audio equipment to regulate volume level and quality of sound during radio and television broadcasts. Operate transmitter to broadcast radio or television programs.

Common job titles of Broadcast Technicians include:
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Experience and Education

Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

  • 43.37% said they needed a Associate's Degree.

  • 26.62% said they needed a Some College Courses.

Tasks & Responsibilities

Essential Tasks

    Set up, operate, and maintain broadcast station computers and networks.

    Preview scheduled programs to ensure that signals are functioning and programs are ready for transmission.

    Organize recording sessions and prepare areas, such as radio booths and television stations, for recording.

    Observe monitors and converse with station personnel to determine audio and video levels and to ascertain that programs are airing.

    Monitor strength, clarity, and reliability of incoming and outgoing signals and adjust equipment as necessary to maintain quality broadcasts.

    Monitor and log transmitter readings.

    Play and record broadcast programs using automation systems.

    Control audio equipment to regulate the volume and sound quality during radio and television broadcasts.

    Maintain programming logs as required by station management and the Federal Communications Commission.

    Install broadcast equipment, troubleshoot equipment problems, and perform maintenance or minor repairs, using hand tools.

    Record sound onto tape or film for radio or television, checking its quality and making adjustments where necessary.

    Edit broadcast material electronically, using computers.

    Schedule programming or read television programming logs to determine which programs are to be recorded or aired.

    Develop employee work schedules.

    Prepare reports outlining past and future programs, including content.


Regular Tasks

    Produce graphics for broadcasts.

    Make commercial dubs.

    Discuss production requirements with clients.

    Give technical directions to other personnel during filming.

    Report equipment problems, ensure that repairs are made, and make emergency repairs to equipment when necessary and possible.

    Design and modify equipment to employer specifications.

    Select sources from which programming will be received or through which programming will be transmitted.


Occasional Tasks

    Determine the number, type, and approximate location of microphones needed for best sound recording or transmission quality and position them appropriately.

    Set up and operate portable field transmission equipment outside the studio.

    Instruct trainees in how to use television production equipment, how to film events, and how to copy and edit graphics or sound onto videotape.

    Substitute programs in cases where signals fail.

    Align antennae with receiving dishes to obtain the clearest signal for transmission of broadcasts from field locations.

    Regulate the fidelity, brightness, and contrast of video transmissions, using video console control panels.

    Produce educational and training films and videotapes by performing activities, such as selecting equipment and preparing scripts.

What Tools and Technologies do Broadcast Technicians use?

Tools

Wired microphones

Waveform monitors

Vision mixers

Videotape machines

Video teleconferencing systems

Video servers

Video patch bays

All Tools

Video editing equipment

Video consoles

Vector scopes

Studio lighting

Spectrum analyzers

Sound effect generators

Signal transmitters

Satellite vans

Satellite receivers

Robotic studio cameras

Personal computers

Non-linear editing systems

Network routers

Modulators

Master control switchers

Laptop computers

Integrated receiver decoders IRD

Frame synchronizers

Disk storage systems

Digital video disk DVD recorders

Digital video cameras

Digital audio recorders

Desktop computers

Audio patch bays

Audio mixer consoles

Technologies

Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator

Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign

Linux

Adobe Systems Adobe Premiere Pro

Apple Final Cut Pro

Avid Technology

Character generator software

All Technologies

Cisco IOS

Video decoder software

Video encoder software

What Skills Do Broadcast Technicians Need to Have?

Skills

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Monitoring

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Operation Monitoring

Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Writing

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Speaking

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Equipment Maintenance

Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Coordination

Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Operation and Control

Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

Troubleshooting

Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

Abilities

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Everything Broadcast Technicians Should Know…

Knowledge

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Telecommunications

Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

Engineering and Technology

Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

Communications and Media

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

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