Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth:

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.

Common job titles of Biologists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 56.93% said they needed a Master's Degree.

  • 32.2% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.

Tasks & Responsibilities

Wondering what Biologists REALLY do throughout a day at work? Perhaps you should know what you’ll be doing all day before pursuing a career. So here are some tasks that Biologists can be found doing during the work day. Hover over each task for information about relevance and importance. Scroll further to find a list of other careers that have similar tasks.

Essential Tasks

    Develop and maintain liaisons and effective working relations with groups and individuals, agencies, and the public to encourage cooperative management strategies or to develop information and interpret findings.

    Program and use computers to store, process, and analyze data.

    Supervise biological technicians and technologists and other scientists.

    Teach or supervise students and perform research at universities and colleges.

Regular Tasks

    Prepare technical and research reports, such as environmental impact reports, and communicate the results to individuals in industry, government, or the general public.

    Collect and analyze biological data about relationships among and between organisms and their environment.

    Review reports and proposals, such as those relating to land use classifications and recreational development, for accuracy, adequacy, or adherence to policies, regulations, or scientific standards.

    Study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and function.

    Research environmental effects of present and potential uses of land and water areas, determining methods of improving environmental conditions or such outputs as crop yields.

    Identify, classify, and study structure, behavior, ecology, physiology, nutrition, culture, and distribution of plant and animal species.

Occasional Tasks

    Write grant proposals to obtain funding for biological research.

    Develop pest management and control measures, and conduct risk assessments related to pest exclusion, using scientific methods.

    Develop methods and apparatus for securing representative plant, animal, aquatic, or soil samples.

    Prepare plans for management of renewable resources.

    Prepare requests for proposals or statements of work.

    Study and manage wild animal populations.

    Measure salinity, acidity, light, oxygen content, and other physical conditions of water to determine their relationship to aquatic life.

    Plan and administer biological research programs for government, research firms, medical industries, or manufacturing firms.

    Represent employer in a technical capacity at conferences.

    Communicate test results to state and federal representatives and general public.

    Study aquatic plants and animals and environmental conditions affecting them, such as radioactivity or pollution.

    Study reactions of plants, animals, and marine species to parasites.

What Tools and Technologies do Biologists use?

The future of work is gonna be… techy🤖. No matter the career path, you’ll have to understand what the experts use to get the job done. Employers want to see practical experience with these tools and technologies. Use these lists to figure out what tools you need to learn and see trends about up and coming tech. Scroll further to find a list of other careers that use similar tools.


Zoom microscopes

X ray spectrometers

Weather stations

Water-jacketed CO2 incubators

Water samplers

Water flow gauges

Video microscopes

All Tools

Video imaging systems

Vertical drying ovens

Vacuum evaporators

Vacuum dehydration units

Ultraviolet water purification systems

Ultraviolet UV visible spectrophotometers

Ultraviolet UV transilluminators



Triple beam balances

Transmission electron microscopes TEM

Top-loading electronic balances

Tissue culture plates

Test tube shakers

Swinging bucket centrifuges

Spreading rods


Specimen collection containers


Shaking incubators

Scientific calculators

Scanning laser confocal microscopes

Scanning electron microscopes SEM

Salinity meters

Safety goggles

Safety gloves

Safety glasses


Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges

Propane jet freezers

Portable dataloggers

Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment

Plastic laboratory tubing

Plastic cuvettes

Plankton nets


pH indicators

Petri dishes

Personal computers

Pasteur pipettes

Orbital shaking water baths

Optical compound microscopes

Navigational compasses

Multiwell microplates


Microtiter plate readers

Microscope slides

Microscope digital cameras


Mercury barometers

Mechanical laboratory incubators

Mainframe computers


Liquid handling robots

Laptop computers

Laminar flow cabinets

Laboratory microwave ovens

Laboratory hot plates

Laboratory funnels

Laboratory forceps

Laboratory dropping pipettes

Laboratory bulb syringes

Laboratory analytical balances

Inverted compound microscopes

Inoculating loops


High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment

Heated stir plates

Heated magnetic stirrers

Handheld digital thermometers

Global positioning system GPS receivers

Glass washers

Glass graduated cylinders

Glass burets

Glass beakers

General purpose laboratory test tubes

Gas chromatographs GC

Gas autoclaves

Fume hoods

French presses

Fluorescence microscopes

Fluid scintillation counters


Erlenmeyer flasks

Electrophoresis chambers

Electronic precision balances

Electron microscopes

Distillation units

Dissecting microscopes

Dip nets

Digital cameras

Digestion units

Desktop computers

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers

Conductivity meters

Centrifugal evaporators

Carbolite ovens

Bunsen burners

Biosafety cabinets


Benchtop lyophilizers

Benchtop centrifuges

Automatic pipetters

Automated microscopes

Agar plates


IBM SPSS Statistics


National Instruments LabVIEW

Practical extraction and reporting language Perl


Agilent Technologies GeneSpring GX

Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST

All Technologies

BioKin PlateKi


Blue Tractor Software DNADynamo


Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequence analysis software






Gene Codes Sequencher

Ingenuity Systems Ingenuity Pathways Analysis


Joint Prediction of Operons JPOP


Meyer Instruments Optimas


Partek Incorporated Partek Genomics Suite



Protein Explorer


SequentiX TreeMe


Software development tools

SoftZymics VisualEnzymics

SURFDriver Software WinSURF

Textco BioSoftware Gene Inspector

The MathWorks SimBiology

TIBCO Spotfire

VayTek VoxBlast

Visual Molecular Dynamics VMD

Wolfram Research Mathematica

What Skills Do Biologists Need to Have?

Let’s be real… take a look in the mirror! Do you have the what it takes to join the other Biologists? The Skills? The Ability to succeed? If so, and you enjoy using these skills, then this job is for you. If not, GOOD NEWS, you can always pick up a new skill if you’re willing to put in the effort 💪



Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Teaching others how to do something.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.


Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Everything Biologists Should Know…

Biologists typically have vast knowledge of the subjects below. Think about this a lot… if you’re not a fan of the subjects, chances are this career isn’t for you. But, there’s plenty of time to learn and continue to learn throughout your career 🎓



Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.


Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.


Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

Law and Government

Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

Administration and Management

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.


Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.


Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

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