Projected Growth: Faster than average
Projected Job Openings
Considerable Preparation Needed
Your job is to Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data, gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses. Includes weather analysts and forecasters whose functions require the detailed knowledge of meteorology.
Common job titles of Atmospheric and Space Scientists include:
Experience and Education
A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.
50% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.
30% said they needed a Master's Degree.
Interpret data, reports, maps, photographs, or charts to predict long- or short-range weather conditions, using computer models and knowledge of climate theory, physics, and mathematics.
Develop or use mathematical or computer models for weather forecasting.
Prepare forecasts or briefings to meet the needs of industry, business, government, or other groups.
Gather data from sources such as surface or upper air stations, satellites, weather bureaus, or radar for use in meteorological reports or forecasts.
Formulate predictions by interpreting environmental data, such as meteorological, atmospheric, oceanic, paleoclimate, climate, or related information.
Conduct meteorological research into the processes or determinants of atmospheric phenomena, weather, or climate.
Prepare weather reports or maps for analysis, distribution, or use in weather broadcasts, using computer graphics.
Broadcast weather conditions, forecasts, or severe weather warnings to the public via television, radio, or the Internet or provide this information to the news media.
Direct forecasting services at weather stations or at radio or television broadcasting facilities.
Measure wind, temperature, and humidity in the upper atmosphere, using weather balloons.
Collect air samples from planes or ships over land or sea to study atmospheric composition.
Develop and deliver training on weather topics.
Apply meteorological knowledge to issues such as global warming, pollution control, or ozone depletion.
Consult with other offices, agencies, professionals, or researchers regarding the use and interpretation of climatological information for weather predictions and warnings.
Analyze climate data sets, using techniques such as geophysical fluid dynamics, data assimilation, or numerical modeling.
Conduct numerical simulations of climate conditions to understand and predict global or regional weather patterns.
Develop computer programs to collect meteorological data or to present meteorological information.
Speak to the public to discuss weather topics or answer questions.
Research the impact of industrial projects or pollution on climate, air quality, or weather phenomena.
Prepare scientific atmospheric or climate reports, articles, or texts.
Analyze historical climate information, such as precipitation or temperature records, to help predict future weather or climate trends.
Teach college-level courses on topics such as atmospheric and space science, meteorology, or global climate change.
Perform managerial duties, such as creating work schedules, creating or implementing staff training, matching staff expertise to situations, or analyzing performance of offices.
Conduct wind assessment, integration, or validation studies.
Design or develop new equipment or methods for meteorological data collection, remote sensing, or related applications.
Estimate or predict the effects of global warming over time for specific geographic regions.
Create visualizations to illustrate historical or future changes in the Earth's climate, using paleoclimate or climate geographic information systems (GIS) databases.
Weather observation stations
Two way radios
Tipping bucket rain gauges
Temperature and humidity data loggers
Surface temperature probesAll Tools
Storm chase vehicles
Soil temperature probes
Relative humidity gauges
Next Generation Weather Radar NEXRAD
Doppler radar equipment
Air temperature thermometers
Air quality samplers
IBM SPSS Statistics
Practical extraction and reporting language Perl
Advanced Visual Systems AVS/Express
Air quality modeling software
Apple Final Cut ProAll Technologies
Baron Services FasTrac
Baron Volumetric Imaging and Processing of Integrated Radar VIPIR
Environmental Research Services RAOB
Flow Analysis Software Toolkit FAST
Grid analysis and display system GrADS
Image editing software
Interactive radar analysis software IRAS
ITT Visual Information Solutions ENVI
Lakes Environmental Software WRPLOT View
Mesoscale modeling software
PC Weather Products HURRTRAK
Social media sites
Software development tools
Systat Software SigmaPlot
Systat Software SigmaStat
Unidata Gempak Analysis and Rendering Program GARP
Unidata Integrated Data Viewer IDV
VorTek Site Assessment of Tornado Threat SATT
Wind flow modeling software
Wolfram Research Mathematica
WSI TrueView Professional
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Teaching others how to do something.
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.