Architecture & Construction > Design/Pre-Construction

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Considerable Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property.

Common job titles of Architects include:

Experience and Education

A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for this occupation. For example, a person in this occupation must complete four years of college and work for several years in industry to be considered qualified.

  • 55.56% said they needed a Bachelor's Degree.

  • 18.52% said they needed a Master's Degree.


    Direct activities of technicians engaged in preparing drawings or specification documents.

    Plan or design structures such as residences, office buildings, theatres, factories, or other structural properties in accordance with environmental, safety, or other regulations.

    Design structures that incorporate environmentally friendly building practices or concepts, such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) standards.

    Design or plan construction of green building projects to minimize adverse environmental impact or conserve energy.

    Prepare scale drawings or architectural designs, using computer-aided design or other tools.

    Prepare contract documents for building contractors.

    Create three-dimensional or interactive representations of designs, using computer-assisted design software.

    Plan layouts of structural architectural projects.

    Monitor the work of specialists, such as electrical engineers, mechanical engineers, interior designers, or sound specialists to ensure optimal form or function of designs or final structures.

    Conduct periodic on-site observations of construction work to monitor compliance with plans.

    Develop final construction plans that include aesthetic representations of the structure or details for its construction.

    Develop marketing materials, proposals, or presentation to generate new work opportunities.

    Meet with clients to review or discuss architectural drawings.

    Perform predesign services, such as feasibility or environmental impact studies.

    Gather information related to projects' environmental sustainability or operational efficiency.

    Calculate potential energy savings by comparing estimated energy consumption of proposed design to baseline standards.

    Prepare operating and maintenance manuals, studies, or reports.

    Administer construction contracts.

    Integrate engineering elements into unified architectural designs.

    Consult with clients to determine functional or spatial requirements of structures.

    Prepare information regarding design, structure specifications, materials, color, equipment, estimated costs, or construction time.

    Inspect proposed building sites to determine suitability for construction.

    Design environmentally sound structural upgrades to existing buildings, such as natural lighting systems, green roofs, or rainwater collection systems.

    Represent clients in obtaining bids or awarding construction contracts.



Track drafting machines

Thermal saws

Tablet computers

Soldering irons

Precision knives


All Tools

Personal computers

Parallel bars

Notebook computers

Mitre boxes

Mat knives

Hand saws


Engineering copiers


Disk grinding machines

Digital cameras

Diazo copiers

Computer-guided milling machines

Computer laser printers


Circular saws

Arm drafting machines

Architectural templates


Adobe Systems Adobe Creative Cloud

Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator

Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign

Apache Hadoop

Artifice DesignWorkshop

Autodesk 3ds Max Design

Autodesk Architectural Studio

All Technologies

Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D

Autodesk Revit

AzTechSoft GPS2CAD

Bentley MicroStation

Drcauto Smart Architect LT Pro

Graphisoft ArchiCAD


MyFamilySoftware Instant Architect

NavisWorks Jetstream

Oracle JDBC


Qlik Tech QlikView

Roof Builder Tools

Trimble SketchUp Pro


Virtual reality modeling language VRML software

1ST Pricing Window & Door Toolkit

Apache Maven

Applied Search Technology CADFind

AutoDesSys form Z


BQE Software ArchiOffice

CA Erwin Data Modeler

Craftsman CD Estimator


FileNet P8

Micro-Press MicroStation PowerDraft

Oracle Primavera Systems

Quality Plans & Software HVAC Calculator

Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal (accounting feature)

Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal (calendar and scheduling feature)

Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal (time accounting feature)



Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Cognitive Abilities › Spatial Abilities › Visualization

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

See details at a distance.

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Far Vision

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Number Facility

Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Quantitative Abilities › Mathematical Reasoning

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