Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Conduct research to reconstruct record of past human life and culture from human remains, artifacts, architectural features, and structures recovered through excavation, underwater recovery, or other means of discovery.

Common job titles of Archeologists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 48.48% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

  • 42.42% said they needed a Master's Degree.


    Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and authenticate them and to interpret their significance.

    Teach archeology at colleges and universities.

    Describe artifacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artifacts are made and their size, shape, function, and decoration.

    Consult site reports, existing artifacts, and topographic maps to identify archeological sites.

    Research, survey, or assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions.

    Present findings from archeological research to peers and the general public.

    Clean, restore, and preserve artifacts.

    Collect artifacts made of stone, bone, metal, and other materials, placing them in bags and marking them to show where they were found.

    Assess archeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes and recommend methods for site protection.

    Record the exact locations and conditions of artifacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary.

    Create a grid of each site and draw and update maps of unit profiles, stratum surfaces, features, and findings.

    Develop and test theories concerning the origin and development of past cultures.

    Compare findings from one site with archeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences.

    Write, present, and publish reports that record site history, methodology, and artifact analysis results, along with recommendations for conserving and interpreting findings.

    Lead field training sites and train field staff, students, and volunteers in excavation methods.

    Create artifact typologies to organize and make sense of past material cultures.


X ray fluorescence XRF spectrometers

X ray diffractometers

Water screening devices

Vernier calipers

Vacuum freeze-drying chambers

Underwater still cameras

Underwater digital cameras

All Tools

Ultrasonic cleaning machines

Triple beam balances

Tree ring sampling kits

Total stations


Tablet computers

Stereo zoom microscopes

Soil samplers

Soil probes

Slide scanners

Slide hammers

Side scan sonars

Shaker screens

Scuba diving equipment

Scanning electron microscopes SEM


Safety goggles

Round point shovels

Rock picks

Precision rulers

Polarizing microscopes

Pocket loupes

Pneumatic chisels

Pneumatic airscribes

Plumb bobs


Platform scales

Plains trowels

Petrographic microscopes

Personal digital assistants PDA

Personal computers

Metallurgical microscopes

Metal detectors

Mesh sifting screens

Marshalltown trowels

Magnetic stirring bars

Lufkin tape measures

Laser line levels

Laptop computers

Laboratory scalpels

Laboratory precision balances

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopes ICP-MS

Inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopes ICP-ES

Hydraulic drilling rigs

Ground penetrating radar GPR

Global positioning system GPS receivers

Glass burets

Glass beakers

Geophysical magnetometers

Fume hoods

Flatbed scanners

Flat-ended shovels

Electron microprobes

Electrical resistivity instruments

Drying racks

Drying ovens

Directional compasses

Digital video cameras

Digital levels

Digital cameras

Digital calipers

Dial calipers

Desktop computers

Dental picks

Dental burs

Crack hammers

Conductivity probes

Conductance meters

Cold chisels

Bucket augers


Bench scales


35 millimeter cameras


Geographic information system GIS software

IBM SPSS Statistics

Archeological Sites Management Information System ASMIS

Automated National Catalog System ANCS

ESRI ArcView

Golden Software Surfer

Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE

All Technologies

Trimble Pathfinder Office



Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.


Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Teaching others how to do something.


Using mathematics to solve problems.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Management of Personnel Resources

Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.


Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure

See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision

Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

See details at a distance.

Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Far Vision

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