Projected Growth: Faster than average
Projected Job Openings
Extensive Preparation Needed
Your job is to Conduct research to reconstruct record of past human life and culture from human remains, artifacts, architectural features, and structures recovered through excavation, underwater recovery, or other means of discovery.
Common job titles of Archeologists include:
Experience and Education
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
48.48% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.
42.42% said they needed a Master's Degree.
Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and authenticate them and to interpret their significance.
Teach archeology at colleges and universities.
Describe artifacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artifacts are made and their size, shape, function, and decoration.
Consult site reports, existing artifacts, and topographic maps to identify archeological sites.
Research, survey, or assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions.
Present findings from archeological research to peers and the general public.
Clean, restore, and preserve artifacts.
Collect artifacts made of stone, bone, metal, and other materials, placing them in bags and marking them to show where they were found.
Assess archeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes and recommend methods for site protection.
Record the exact locations and conditions of artifacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary.
Create a grid of each site and draw and update maps of unit profiles, stratum surfaces, features, and findings.
Develop and test theories concerning the origin and development of past cultures.
Compare findings from one site with archeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences.
Write, present, and publish reports that record site history, methodology, and artifact analysis results, along with recommendations for conserving and interpreting findings.
Lead field training sites and train field staff, students, and volunteers in excavation methods.
Create artifact typologies to organize and make sense of past material cultures.
X ray fluorescence XRF spectrometers
X ray diffractometers
Water screening devices
Vacuum freeze-drying chambers
Underwater still cameras
Underwater digital camerasAll Tools
Ultrasonic cleaning machines
Triple beam balances
Tree ring sampling kits
Stereo zoom microscopes
Side scan sonars
Scuba diving equipment
Scanning electron microscopes SEM
Round point shovels
Personal digital assistants PDA
Mesh sifting screens
Magnetic stirring bars
Lufkin tape measures
Laser line levels
Laboratory precision balances
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopes ICP-MS
Inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopes ICP-ES
Hydraulic drilling rigs
Ground penetrating radar GPR
Global positioning system GPS receivers
Electrical resistivity instruments
Digital video cameras
35 millimeter cameras
Geographic information system GIS software
IBM SPSS Statistics
Archeological Sites Management Information System ASMIS
Automated National Catalog System ANCS
Golden Software Surfer
Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINEAll Technologies
Trimble Pathfinder Office
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Teaching others how to do something.
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension
Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression
Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression
Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension
Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning
Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning
Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas
Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility
Identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
Cognitive Abilities › Perceptual Abilities › Flexibility of Closure
See details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Near Vision
Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Originality
Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity
See details at a distance.
Sensory Abilities › Visual Abilities › Far Vision
History and Archeology
Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.