Anthropologists

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics > Science and Mathematics

Projected Growth: Faster than average

800+
Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Research, evaluate, and establish public policy concerning the origins of humans; their physical, social, linguistic, and cultural development; and their behavior, as well as the cultures, organizations, and institutions they have created.

Common job titles of Anthropologists include:
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Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 50% said they needed a Master's Degree.

  • 32.14% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

Tasks

    Explain the origins and physical, social, or cultural development of humans, including physical attributes, cultural traditions, beliefs, languages, resource management practices, and settlement patterns.

    Teach and mentor undergraduate and graduate students in anthropology.

    Gather and analyze artifacts and skeletal remains to increase knowledge of ancient cultures.

    Apply systematic sampling techniques to ensure the accuracy, completeness, precision, and representativeness of individuals selected for sample surveys.

    Create data records for use in describing and analyzing social patterns and processes, using photography, videography, and audio recordings.

    Train others in the application of ethnographic research methods to solve problems in organizational effectiveness, communications, technology development, policy making, and program planning.

    Develop intervention procedures, using techniques such as individual and focus group interviews, consultations, and participant observation of social interaction.

    Collect information and make judgments through observation, interviews, and review of documents.

    Observe and measure bodily variations and physical attributes of different human groups.

    Build geographic information systems (GIS) to record, analyze, and cartographically represent the distribution of languages, cultural and natural resources, land use, and settlement patterns of specific populations.

    Observe the production, distribution, and consumption of food to identify and mitigate threats to food security.

    Participate in forensic activities, such as tooth and bone structure identification, in conjunction with police departments and pathologists.

    Examine museum collections of hominid fossils to classify anatomical and physiological variations and to determine how they fit into evolutionary theory.

    Organize public exhibits and displays to promote public awareness of diverse and distinctive cultural traditions.

    Identify key individual cultural collaborators, using reputational and positional selection techniques.

    Study archival collections of primary historical sources to help explain the origins and development of cultural patterns.

    Collaborate with economic development planners to decide on the implementation of proposed development policies, plans, and programs based on culturally institutionalized barriers and facilitating circumstances.

    Formulate general rules that describe and predict the development and behavior of cultures and social institutions.

    Conduct participatory action research in communities and organizations to assess how work is done and to design work systems, technologies, and environments.

    Construct and test data collection methods.

    Identify culturally specific beliefs and practices affecting health status and access to services for distinct populations and communities, in collaboration with medical and public health officials.

    Build and use text-based database management systems to support the analysis of detailed first-hand observational records, or field notes.

    Advise government agencies, private organizations, and communities regarding proposed programs, plans, and policies and their potential impacts on cultural institutions, organizations, and communities.

    Write about and present research findings for a variety of specialized and general audiences.

    Plan and direct research to characterize and compare the economic, demographic, health care, social, political, linguistic, and religious institutions of distinct cultural groups, communities, and organizations.

    Analyze and characterize user experiences and institutional settings to assist consumer product developers, technology developers, and software engineers with the design of innovative products and services.

    Apply traditional ecological knowledge and assessments of culturally distinctive land and resource management institutions to assist in the resolution of conflicts over habitat protection and resource enhancement.

    Enhance the cultural sensitivity of elementary and secondary curricula and classroom interactions in collaboration with educators and teachers.

Tools

X ray cabinets

Ultraviolet UV transilluminators

Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers

Ultracentrifuges

Transcription equipment

Total stations

Thin section saws

All Tools

Thermomixers

Thermal cyclers

Theodolites

Tablet computers

Steam autoclaves

Spreading calipers

Spectrophotometers

Sliding calipers

Slide scanners

Shovels

Selective ion meters

Remote sensing equipment

Protective gloves

Precision saws

Portable x ray machines

Portable gamma spectrometers

Polymerase chain reaction PCR thermocyclers

Polymerase chain reaction PCR hoods

Plotters

pH indicators

Petrographic microscopes

Personal computers

Oil immersion microscopes

Microcentrifuges

Metallurgical microscopes

Marshalltown trowels

Mandibulometers

Luminescence readers

Liquid handling robots

Laser scanners

Laptop computers

Laboratory water purification systems

Laboratory vacuum ovens

Laboratory vacuum dryers

Laboratory refrigerators

Laboratory glove boxes

Laboratory fume hoods

Laboratory dropping pipettes

Laboratory binocular microscopes

Laboratory balances

Industrial micro computed tomography CT scanners

Immersion thermostats

Hot stir plates

High resolution industrial computed tomography CT scanners

High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment

Ground penetrating radar GPR

Graded sieves

Global positioning system GPS receivers

Gel electrophoresis boxes

Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles

Fluorometers

Flatbed scanners

Film processors

External lavalier microphones

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA plate readers

Electronic topload scales

Electron microscopes

Dust masks

Digitizers

Digital video cameras

Digital cameras

Digital audio recorders

Desktop computers

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA analyzers

Countertop centrifuges

Bucket augers

Technologies

Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator

Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign

IBM SPSS Statistics

Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver

Age progression software

Apple Final Cut Express

Apple iMovie

All Technologies

Applied Biosystems GeneMapper

Data visualization software

GE Healthcare ImageQuant TL

Gene Codes Sequencher

Genealogy software

Golden Software Surfer

Image enhancement software

Insightful S-PLUS

Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE

Microsoft Front Page

Microsoft Windows Movie Maker

Qaulis Research The Ethonograph

SIL International The Linguist’s Shoebox

Software development tools

Sony Creative Software Vegas Movie Studio

STATISTICA

Systat

The University of Tennessee FORDISC

Voice activated software

Wolfram Research Mathematica

Skills

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Writing

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Speaking

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Science

Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Instructing

Teaching others how to do something.

Monitoring

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Coordination

Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Abilities

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

Identify and understand the speech of another person.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Recognition

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Fluency of Ideas

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Occupation Sections

Knowledge

Sociology and Anthropology

Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

English Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

History and Archeology

Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

Education and Training

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Foreign Language

Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

Geography

Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.

Computers and Electronics

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Biology

Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

Psychology

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Communications and Media

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Philosophy and Theology

Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

Mathematics

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

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