Animal Scientists

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources > Animal Systems

Projected Growth: Faster than average

Projected Job Openings

Extensive Preparation Needed

Job Description

Your job is to Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.

Common job titles of Animal Scientists include:

Experience and Education

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

  • 51.85% said they needed a Doctoral Degree.

  • 25.93% said they needed a Master's Degree.


    Study nutritional requirements of animals and nutritive values of animal feed materials.

    Conduct research concerning animal nutrition, breeding, or management to improve products or processes.

    Develop improved practices in feeding, housing, sanitation, or parasite and disease control of animals.

    Study effects of management practices, processing methods, feed, or environmental conditions on quality and quantity of animal products, such as eggs and milk.

    Advise producers about improved products and techniques that could enhance their animal production efforts.

    Write up or orally communicate research findings to the scientific community, producers, and the public.

    Crossbreed animals with existing strains or cross strains to obtain new combinations of desirable characteristics.

    Determine genetic composition of animal populations and heritability of traits, using principles of genetics.

    Research and control animal selection and breeding practices to increase production efficiency and improve animal quality.


Volumetric flasks

Veterinary emasculators

Ultraviolet UV visible spectrophotometers

Ultrasound probes

Ultrasonic water baths


Triple beam balances

All Tools

Tissue culture incubators

Steam autoclaves

Specimen collection containers

Slab dryers

Scientific calculators

Scanning densitometers

Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges

Poultry incubators

Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment

Petri dishes

Personal computers

Oxygen meters

Orbital shaking water baths

Optical compound microscopes


Microscope slides


Meat grinders

Meat choppers

Livestock scales

Liquid scintillation counters

Laser densitometers

Laptop computers

Laminar flow cabinets

Laboratory water baths

Laboratory vacuum pumps

Laboratory vacuum ovens

Laboratory fume hoods

Laboratory drying ovens

Infrared IR spectrometers

Imaging microscopes


Hybridization chambers

Hot plate stirrers


High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment

Handheld digital thermometers

Graduated cylinders

Graduated beakers

Glass pipettes

Gel electrophoresis equipment

Gas chromatographs GC

Freeze dryers

Fraction collectors

Fluorescence spectrophotometers

Fiber digesters

Evacuated blood collection tubes

Erlenmeyer flasks

Electronic laboratory balances

Electric stunners

Ear punches

Dissecting kits

Desktop computers

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers


Conductance meters

Computerized cattle feeders

Circulating water baths

Cattle squeeze chutes

Cattle scales

Captive bolt stunners


Calf restraints

Calf pullers

Bunsen burners


Bomb calorimeters

Blood collection syringes

Benchtop centrifuges

Balling guns

Automatic carbon dioxide CO2 incubators

Atomic absorption AA spectrometers

Artificial insemination kits

Animal heater lamps

Animal feeders

Animal feed mixers

Animal catching equipment

Animal blood analyzers

Analytic balances


Best Linear Unbiased Prediction BLUP




Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequence analysis software

Domestic Animal Diversity Information Service DAD-IS


All Technologies

Master Ration Calculator

Nutrition Balance Analyzer NUTBAL

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals OMIA

Palm OS


VSNi GenStat



Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.


Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Active Learning

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Systems Analysis

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.


Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Learning Strategies

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Systems Evaluation

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.


Teaching others how to do something.

Time Management

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Social Perceptiveness

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.


Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Expression

Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Inductive Reasoning

Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Oral Comprehension

Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Comprehension

Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Cognitive Abilities › Verbal Abilities › Written Expression

Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Deductive Reasoning

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Problem Sensitivity

Generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Category Flexibility

Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Cognitive Abilities › Idea Generation and Reasoning Abilities › Information Ordering

Speak clearly so others can understand you.

Auditory and Speech Abilities › Sensory Abilities › Speech Clarity

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